Role of genetic polymorphisms related to neurotransmitters and cytochrome P-450 enzymes in response to antidepressants

Min-Soo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)


While pharmacological treatment of major depressive disorder with antidepressants continues to improve, responses remain poor in 30-50% of patients, with many patients discontinuing their medication due to distressing side effects. Drug response can be influenced by genetic factors and several physiological and environmental factors, including age, renal and liver function, nutritional status, smoking and alcohol consumption. In particular, genetic factors can be considered to contribute to antidepressant response. Genetic differences in response to antidepressants may be due to variants that affect the function of genes involved in both pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Genetic variants affecting the metabolism of antidepressants may change pharmacokinetic factors, and polymorphisms that affect the function of receptors and signal transduction molecules may alter pharmacodynamics. Both pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic change can affect the efficacy and side effects of antidepressants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-581
Number of pages13
JournalDrugs of Today
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

Cite this