Psychiatric disorders are too multifactorial to be defined as a primarily inflammatory disorder, and increased inflammatory response is not specific to mental disorder only. Numerous factors are involved in neuroinflammation, and there also are many confounding variables, making it difficult to obtain consistent outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to specify genetic, physiological, and epidemiological attributes of particular population groups vulnerable to inflammatory response as well as the disease subtypes. As of now, definitive inflammatory markers for psychiatric disorders have not been identified, but they could be very useful in patients with minimal vulnerability. In addition, it is possible to use inflammatory markers as depression biomarkers in subtypes of depression, which can serve as bases to develop medications to treat the disorder.