Role of T-type Calcium Channels in Generating Hyperexcitatory Behaviors during Emergence from Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Neonatal Rats

Feng Yan Shen, Byung Gun Lim, Wen Wen, Yu Zhang, Bo Cao, Yue Guang Si, Li Qing Ma, Meng Deng, Yang In Kim, Young Beom Kim, Ying Wei Wang

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In the current study, we sought to investigate whether T-type Ca2+ channels (TCCs) in the brain are involved in generating post-anesthetic hyperexcitatory behaviors (PAHBs). We found that younger rat pups (postnatal days 9–11) had a higher incidence of PAHBs and higher PAHB scores than older pups (postnatal days 16–18) during emergence from sevoflurane anesthesia. The power spectrum of the theta oscillations (4 Hz–8 Hz) in the prefrontal cortex was significantly enhanced in younger pups when PAHBs occurred, while there were no significant changes in older pups. Both the power of theta oscillations and the level of PAHBs were significantly reduced by the administration of TCC inhibitors. Moreover, the sensitivity of TCCs in the medial dorsal thalamic nucleus to sevoflurane was found to increase with age by investigating the kinetic properties of TCCs in vitro. TCCs were activated by potentiated GABAergic depolarization with a sub-anesthetic dose of sevoflurane (1%). These data suggest that (1) TCCs in the brain contribute to the generation of PAHBs and the concomitant electroencephalographic changes; (2) the stronger inhibitory effect of sevoflurane contributes to the lack of PAHBs in older rats; and (3) the contribution of TCCs to PAHBs is not mediated by a direct effect of sevoflurane on TCCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-529
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience Bulletin
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

Keywords

  • Emergence agitation
  • General anesthesia
  • Neonatal rat
  • Sevoflurane
  • T-type calcium channel
  • Theta wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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  • Cite this

    Shen, F. Y., Lim, B. G., Wen, W., Zhang, Y., Cao, B., Si, Y. G., Ma, L. Q., Deng, M., Kim, Y. I., Kim, Y. B., & Wang, Y. W. (2020). Role of T-type Calcium Channels in Generating Hyperexcitatory Behaviors during Emergence from Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Neonatal Rats. Neuroscience Bulletin, 36(5), 519-529. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12264-019-00461-x