Roles for Drosophila cap1 2′-O-ribose methyltransferase in the small RNA silencing pathway associated with Argonaute 2

Seungjae Lee, Jae Sang Hong, Do Hwan Lim, Young Sik Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cap1 2′-O-ribose methyltransferase (CMTR1) modifies RNA transcripts containing the 7-methylguanosine cap via 2′-O-ribose methylation of the first transcribed nucleotide, yielding cap1 structures. However, the role of CMTR1 in small RNA-mediated gene silencing remains unknown. Here, we identified and characterized a Drosophila CMTR1 gene (dCMTR1) mutation. We found that the catalytic activity of dCMTR1 was involved in the biogenesis of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) but not microRNAs. Additionally, dCMTR1 interacted with R2D2, a key component for the assembly of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) containing Argonaute 2 (Ago2). Consistent with this finding, loss of dCMTR1 function impaired RISC assembly by inhibiting the unwinding of Ago2-bound siRNA duplexes, thus preventing the retention of the guide strand. Moreover, dCMTR1 is unlikely to modify siRNAs during RISC assembly. Collectively, our data indicate that dCMTR1 is a positive regulator of the small RNA pathway associated with Ago2 with roles in both siRNA biogenesis and RISC assembly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103415
JournalInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug

Keywords

  • Ago2
  • CMTR1
  • Drosophila
  • RISC
  • cap1
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science

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