S-Allyl-l-cysteine attenuates cerebral ischemic injury by scavenging peroxynitrite and inhibiting the activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinase

Ji Myung Kim, Jae Chul Lee, Namsoo Chang, Hyang Sook Chun, Won Ki Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

S-Allyl-l-cysteine (SAC) has been shown to reduce ischemic injury due to its antioxidant activity. However, the antioxidant property of SAC has been controversial. The present study investigated the neuroprotective mechanism of SAC in cerebral ischemic insults. SAC decreased the size of infarction after transient or global ischemic insults. While it did not alter the N-methyl-d-aspartate excitotoxicity, SAC significantly scavenged the endogenously or exogenously produced ONOO- and reduced ONOO- cytotoxicity. In contrast, SAC has much lower scavenging activity against H2O2, or NO. Further, SAC inhibited the activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) increased in cultured neurons exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation or in rat brain tissue after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. The neuroprotective effect of SAC was mimicked by the ERK inhibitor U0125. The present results indicate that SAC exert its neuroprotective effect by scavenging ONOO- and inhibiting the ERK signaling pathway activated during initial hypoxic/ischemic insults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-835
Number of pages9
JournalFree Radical Research
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • ERK
  • Ischemia
  • Peroxynitrite (ONOO)
  • S-Allyl-l-cysteine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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