Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate safety, efficacy, and durability of coil embolization of the major septal perforator of the left anterior descending coronary artery in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Background: The long-term effect of coil embolization therapy in HOCM patients is not well defined. Methods: We evaluated 24 symptomatic HOCM patients in a single center who underwent coil embolization of the septal perforator artery(ies). Results: Twenty-four patients on optimal medical therapy presented with NYHA functional class III (75%) or IV (25%) underwent the procedure. The procedure was successful in 22 patients, with significant reduction in left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient. The functional class significantly improved to class I (54.2%) or II (41.7%) (P < = 0.01). The LVOT gradient was significantly lower during follow up echocardiography (21.3 ± 19 vs. 81.3 ± 41 mm Hg; P < = 0.01). Interventricular septal thickness decreased over time (16.3 ± 3 vs. 18.5 ± 2 mm, P< = 0.01). The procedure was aborted in one of the patients after the third coil prolapsed from the septal perforator in to the left anterior descending artery. The coil was effectively snared out. Three patients required additional coil placement in the second major septal perforator. New permanent pacemaker placement was required in one patient. However, three patients underwent ICD implantation at follow up due to ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that the use of coil embolization for septal ablation is safe, effective, and durable in patients with symptomatic HOCM.
- alcohol septal ablation
- coil embolization
- hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine