Safety and efficacy of transcutaneous bone conduction implant surgery for hearing improvement in microtia patients with bilateral hearing impairment

Jeong Hyun Cheon, Hyung Chul Lee, Gi Jung Im, Jung Youl Park, Chul Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background In microtia patients with bilateral hearing impairment, hearing improvement is crucial for language development and performance. External auditory canal reconstruction (EACR) has been performed to improve hearing, but often results in complications. We performed transcutaneous bone conduction implant (TBCI) surgery in these patients. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of TBCI surgery. Methods A retrospective review was performed of five patients who underwent auricular reconstruction and TBCI surgery and 12 patients who underwent EACR between March 2007 and August 2018. Hearing improvement was measured based on the air-bone gap values using pure-tone audiometry over a 6-week postoperative period. We reviewed other studies on hearing improvement using EACR and compared the findings with our results. The surgical techniques for TBCI were reviewed through case analyses. Results Postoperative hearing outcomes showed a significant improvement, with a mean gain of 34.1 dB in the TBCI cohort and 14.1 dB in the EACR cohort. Both gains were statistically significant; however, the TBCI cohort showed much larger gains. Only three of the 12 patients who underwent EACR achieved hearing gains of more than 20 dB, which is consistent with previous studies. All patients who underwent TBCI surgery demonstrated hearing gains of more than 20 dB and experienced no device-related complications. Conclusions TBCI is a safe and effective method of promoting hearing gains in microtia patients with bilateral hearing impairment. TBCI surgery provided better hearing outcomes than EACR and could be performed along with various auricular reconstruction techniques using virgin mastoid skin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-534
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Plastic Surgery
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov

Keywords

  • Bone conduction
  • Congenital microtia
  • Ear canal
  • Hearing aids
  • Hearing loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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