Sagittal osteotomy inclination in medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy

Seung Yup Lee, Hong Chul Lim, Ji Hoon Bae, Jae Gyoon Kim, Se Hyeok Yun, Jae Hyuk Yang, Jung Ro Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Unlike postoperative changes in posterior tibial slope after medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy, sagittal osteotomy inclination has not been examined. It has been recommended that the osteotomy line in the sagittal plane be parallel to the medial posterior tibial slope. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of parallel osteotomy in medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy. Methods: To determine the sagittal osteotomy inclination, the angle between the medial joint line and the osteotomy line was measured in the lateral radiograph. A positive angle value indicates that the osteotomy is anteriorly inclined relative to the medial posterior tibial slope. Correlation between the sagittal osteotomy inclination and posterior tibial slope was also evaluated. Results: The mean sagittal osteotomy inclination was 15.1 ± 7.5°. The majority 87.1 % of knees showed an anterior-inclined osteotomy. There was a significantly positive correlation between the postoperative posterior tibial slope and the sagittal osteotomy inclination (r, 0.33; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.19–0.46; P < 0.001). The postoperative change in posterior tibial slope also showed a significantly positive correlation with the sagittal osteotomy inclination (r, 0.35; 95 % CI 0.21–0.47; P < 0.001). Conclusion: Although parallel osteotomy in the sagittal plane relative to the medial joint line was planned, only 12.9 % of cases achieved osteotomy parallel to the medial posterior tibial slope in the sagittal plane. Because of high rate of the anterior-inclined osteotomy and their correlations with posterior tibial slope, surgeons should make all efforts to perform parallel osteotomy relative to medial posterior tibial slope. Level of evidence: IV

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-831
Number of pages9
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • High tibial osteotomy
  • Osteotomy inclination
  • Posterior tibial slope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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