Degree of toxic pollutants releasing from industries create a serious environment hazardous owing to an inevitable water contamination. The design and development of innovative efficient photocatalysts are highly desirable. Herein, a facile and cost-effective method is utilized to fabricate a scalable Cu/Cu2O-CuO/CuI heterojunction platform using an inexpensive iodine sublimation followed by post annealing process. The structural, optical, and electronic properties of the Cu/Cu2O-CuO/CuI heterojunction are systematically investigated to realize an extended charge carrier transfer responsible for high performance in photoreduction and photodegradation. For instance, the photoreduction of 4-nitrophenol is accomplished within 1 min, under UV light irradiation. Similarly, the scalability of the proposed sheet benefits to increase the photodegradation speed of toxic dyes. Indeed, a single sheet with an active area of 4 × 4 cm2 size Cu/Cu2O-CuO/CuI sheet requires 6 h to degrade 95% of methylene blue dye and it requires just 30 min in case of eight sheets or with an active area of 32 × 32 cm2 sheet. Besides, a stable recyclability with an excellent photocatalytic activity is accountable owing to the co-existence of metallic Cu, Cu2O, CuO and CuI phases. A plausible mechanism is proposed based on the bandgap of individual phases to clarify the photoexcited charge carriers transfers at the heterojunction interface to extend the charge carrier separation. Based on the scavenger tests, it is found that the photogenerated holes and hydroxyl radicals are the main active species responsible for photodegradation of toxic dyes. Thus, the versatility in handling of scalable sheets with a stable recycle performance can be appropriate to replace the existing powder-based photocatalysts with an expensive recovery process.
- 4-nitrophenol, CuO/CuI heterojunction
- Photoreduction, Rhodamine dye
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Process Chemistry and Technology