Scalable Deposition of High-Efficiency Perovskite Solar Cells by Spray-Coating

Soňa Ulična, Benjia Dou, Dong Hoe Kim, Kai Zhu, John M. Walls, Jake W. Bowers, Maikel F.A.M. Van Hest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


Spray-deposition is a low-cost, roll-to-roll compatible technique that could potentially replace spin-coating for the deposition of highly efficient perovskite solar cells. Here, perovskite active layers were fabricated in air using an ultrasonic spray system and compared with equivalent spin-coated films. A chlorine-containing perovskite ink with a wide processing window coupled with an antisolvent extraction resulted in perovskite films with relatively rougher surfaces than those spin-coated. A power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 17.3% was achieved with an average of 16.3% from 24 devices. Despite observing differences in film roughness and structure, the performance of sprayed perovskite solar cells was comparable to that of the spin-coated cells processed in an inert atmosphere, showing the versatility of perovskite processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1853-1857
Number of pages5
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 29
Externally publishedYes


  • perovskite solar cell
  • scalable atmospheric deposition
  • solution processing
  • ultrasonic spraying
  • wide processing window ink

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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