Scalable Synthesis of Triple-Core–Shell Nanostructures of TiO2@MnO2@C for High Performance Supercapacitors Using Structure-Guided Combustion Waves

Dongjoon Shin, Jungho Shin, Taehan Yeo, Hayoung Hwang, Seonghyun Park, Wonjoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Core–shell nanostructures of metal oxides and carbon-based materials have emerged as outstanding electrode materials for supercapacitors and batteries. However, their synthesis requires complex procedures that incur high costs and long processing times. Herein, a new route is proposed for synthesizing triple-core–shell nanoparticles of TiO2@MnO2@C using structure-guided combustion waves (SGCWs), which originate from incomplete combustion inside chemical-fuel-wrapped nanostructures, and their application in supercapacitor electrodes. SGCWs transform TiO2 to TiO2@C and TiO2@MnO2 to TiO2@MnO2@C via the incompletely combusted carbonaceous fuels under an open-air atmosphere, in seconds. The synthesized carbon layers act as templates for MnO2 shells in TiO2@C and organic shells of TiO2@MnO2@C. The TiO2@MnO2@C-based electrodes exhibit a greater specific capacitance (488 F g−1 at 5 mV s−1) and capacitance retention (97.4% after 10 000 cycles at 1.0 V s−1), while the absence of MnO2 and carbon shells reveals a severe degradation in the specific capacitance and capacitance retention. Because the core-TiO2 nanoparticles and carbon shell prevent the deformation of the inner and outer sides of the MnO2 shell, the nanostructures of the TiO2@MnO2@C are preserved despite the long-term cycling, giving the superior performance. This SGCW-driven fabrication enables the scalable synthesis of multiple-core–shell structures applicable to diverse electrochemical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1703755
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 15


  • carbon coating
  • combustion synthesis
  • core-shell nanoparticles
  • metal oxides nanostructures
  • supercapacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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