Search for an L μ  − L τ gauge boson using Z → 4μ events in proton-proton collisions at s=13 TeV

The CMS Collaboration

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A search for a narrow Z gauge boson with a mass between 5 and 70 GeV resulting from an L μ −L τ U(1) local gauge symmetry is reported. Theories that predict such a particle have been proposed as an explanation of various experimental discrepancies, including the lack of a dark matter signal in direct-detection experiments, tension in the measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, and reports of possible lepton flavor universality violation in B meson decays. A data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 77.3 fb −1 recorded in 2016 and 2017 by the CMS detector at the LHC. Events containing four muons with an invariant mass near the standard model Z boson mass are analyzed, and the selection is further optimized to be sensitive to the events that may contain Z→Z μμ→4μ decays. The event yields are consistent with the standard model predictions. Upper limits of 10 −8 –10 −7 at 95% confidence level are set on the product of branching fractions B(Z→Z μμ)B(Z →μμ), depending on the Z mass, which excludes a Z boson coupling strength to muons above 0.004–0.3. These are the first dedicated limits on L μ −L τ models at the LHC and result in a significant increase in the excluded model parameter space. The results of this search may also be used to constrain the coupling strength of any light Z gauge boson to muons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-368
Number of pages24
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume792
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 10

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muons
bosons
collisions
protons
decay
center of mass
leptons
confidence
dark matter
mesons
magnetic moments
luminosity
detectors
symmetry
products
predictions
energy

Keywords

  • CMS
  • Muons
  • Physics
  • Zprime

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{149167780dbb464ab48d59e9b2783cca,
title = "Search for an L μ  − L τ gauge boson using Z → 4μ events in proton-proton collisions at s=13 TeV",
abstract = "A search for a narrow Z ′ gauge boson with a mass between 5 and 70 GeV resulting from an L μ −L τ U(1) local gauge symmetry is reported. Theories that predict such a particle have been proposed as an explanation of various experimental discrepancies, including the lack of a dark matter signal in direct-detection experiments, tension in the measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, and reports of possible lepton flavor universality violation in B meson decays. A data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 77.3 fb −1 recorded in 2016 and 2017 by the CMS detector at the LHC. Events containing four muons with an invariant mass near the standard model Z boson mass are analyzed, and the selection is further optimized to be sensitive to the events that may contain Z→Z ′ μμ→4μ decays. The event yields are consistent with the standard model predictions. Upper limits of 10 −8 –10 −7 at 95{\%} confidence level are set on the product of branching fractions B(Z→Z ′ μμ)B(Z ′ →μμ), depending on the Z ′ mass, which excludes a Z ′ boson coupling strength to muons above 0.004–0.3. These are the first dedicated limits on L μ −L τ models at the LHC and result in a significant increase in the excluded model parameter space. The results of this search may also be used to constrain the coupling strength of any light Z ′ gauge boson to muons.",
keywords = "CMS, Muons, Physics, Zprime",
author = "{The CMS Collaboration} and Sirunyan, {A. M.} and A. Tumasyan and W. Adam and F. Ambrogi and E. Asilar and T. Bergauer and J. Brandstetter and M. Dragicevic and J. Er{\"o} and {Escalante Del Valle}, A. and M. Flechl and R. Fr{\"u}hwirth and Ghete, {V. M.} and J. Hrubec and M. Jeitler and N. Krammer and I. Kr{\"a}tschmer and D. Liko and T. Madlener and I. Mikulec and N. Rad and H. Rohringer and J. Schieck and R. Sch{\"o}fbeck and M. Spanring and D. Spitzbart and A. Taurok and W. Waltenberger and J. Wittmann and Wulz, {C. E.} and M. Zarucki and V. Chekhovsky and V. Mossolov and {Suarez Gonzalez}, J. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and {Di Croce}, D. and X. Janssen and J. Lauwers and M. Pieters and {Van Haevermaet}, H. and {Van Mechelen}, P. and {Van Remortel}, N. and {Abu Zeid}, S. and F. Blekman and J. D'Hondt and {De Bruyn}, I. and {De Clercq}, J. and K. Deroover and G. Flouris and Byungsik Hong",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.physletb.2019.01.072",
language = "English",
volume = "792",
pages = "345--368",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for an L μ  − L τ gauge boson using Z → 4μ events in proton-proton collisions at s=13 TeV

AU - The CMS Collaboration

AU - Sirunyan, A. M.

AU - Tumasyan, A.

AU - Adam, W.

AU - Ambrogi, F.

AU - Asilar, E.

AU - Bergauer, T.

AU - Brandstetter, J.

AU - Dragicevic, M.

AU - Erö, J.

AU - Escalante Del Valle, A.

AU - Flechl, M.

AU - Frühwirth, R.

AU - Ghete, V. M.

AU - Hrubec, J.

AU - Jeitler, M.

AU - Krammer, N.

AU - Krätschmer, I.

AU - Liko, D.

AU - Madlener, T.

AU - Mikulec, I.

AU - Rad, N.

AU - Rohringer, H.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schöfbeck, R.

AU - Spanring, M.

AU - Spitzbart, D.

AU - Taurok, A.

AU - Waltenberger, W.

AU - Wittmann, J.

AU - Wulz, C. E.

AU - Zarucki, M.

AU - Chekhovsky, V.

AU - Mossolov, V.

AU - Suarez Gonzalez, J.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Di Croce, D.

AU - Janssen, X.

AU - Lauwers, J.

AU - Pieters, M.

AU - Van Haevermaet, H.

AU - Van Mechelen, P.

AU - Van Remortel, N.

AU - Abu Zeid, S.

AU - Blekman, F.

AU - D'Hondt, J.

AU - De Bruyn, I.

AU - De Clercq, J.

AU - Deroover, K.

AU - Flouris, G.

AU - Hong, Byungsik

PY - 2019/5/10

Y1 - 2019/5/10

N2 - A search for a narrow Z ′ gauge boson with a mass between 5 and 70 GeV resulting from an L μ −L τ U(1) local gauge symmetry is reported. Theories that predict such a particle have been proposed as an explanation of various experimental discrepancies, including the lack of a dark matter signal in direct-detection experiments, tension in the measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, and reports of possible lepton flavor universality violation in B meson decays. A data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 77.3 fb −1 recorded in 2016 and 2017 by the CMS detector at the LHC. Events containing four muons with an invariant mass near the standard model Z boson mass are analyzed, and the selection is further optimized to be sensitive to the events that may contain Z→Z ′ μμ→4μ decays. The event yields are consistent with the standard model predictions. Upper limits of 10 −8 –10 −7 at 95% confidence level are set on the product of branching fractions B(Z→Z ′ μμ)B(Z ′ →μμ), depending on the Z ′ mass, which excludes a Z ′ boson coupling strength to muons above 0.004–0.3. These are the first dedicated limits on L μ −L τ models at the LHC and result in a significant increase in the excluded model parameter space. The results of this search may also be used to constrain the coupling strength of any light Z ′ gauge boson to muons.

AB - A search for a narrow Z ′ gauge boson with a mass between 5 and 70 GeV resulting from an L μ −L τ U(1) local gauge symmetry is reported. Theories that predict such a particle have been proposed as an explanation of various experimental discrepancies, including the lack of a dark matter signal in direct-detection experiments, tension in the measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, and reports of possible lepton flavor universality violation in B meson decays. A data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 77.3 fb −1 recorded in 2016 and 2017 by the CMS detector at the LHC. Events containing four muons with an invariant mass near the standard model Z boson mass are analyzed, and the selection is further optimized to be sensitive to the events that may contain Z→Z ′ μμ→4μ decays. The event yields are consistent with the standard model predictions. Upper limits of 10 −8 –10 −7 at 95% confidence level are set on the product of branching fractions B(Z→Z ′ μμ)B(Z ′ →μμ), depending on the Z ′ mass, which excludes a Z ′ boson coupling strength to muons above 0.004–0.3. These are the first dedicated limits on L μ −L τ models at the LHC and result in a significant increase in the excluded model parameter space. The results of this search may also be used to constrain the coupling strength of any light Z ′ gauge boson to muons.

KW - CMS

KW - Muons

KW - Physics

KW - Zprime

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064326204&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064326204&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2019.01.072

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2019.01.072

M3 - Article

VL - 792

SP - 345

EP - 368

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

ER -