Seasonal effects on the physicochemical characteristics of fish sauce made from capelin (Mallotus villosus)

Gustaf Helgi Hjalmarsson, Jae W. Park, Kristberg Kristbergsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Fresh capelin (Mallotus villosus) was harvested from the North Atlantic during both summer and winter fishing seasons. Reaction conditions for fish sauce processing were optimized with respect to temperature, salt concentration and reaction time, using a response surface methodology (RSM) experimental design. Whole capelin was minced and samples were ground with increasing salt concentrations. RSM optimizations were conducted, ranging from 5% to 30% salt, and incubating at 5° intervals from 0 to 65 °C. Autolytic activity was estimated by extracting the liquid formed by the mixture with trichloroacetic acid and estimating protein content by the Lowry method. Samples for fish sauce production were then prepared under optimized conditions by mixing ground capelin with 10% salt and incubating at 50 °C for up to 270 days for the summer capelin and up to 360 days for the winter capelin. Samples were collected at regular intervals and analyzed for liquid yield, moisture, protein, soluble solids, specific gravity, pH, colour and amino acid content. Kjeldahl protein content in the fish sauce from summer capelin was 2.03% after 250 days of fermentation and twice as high as that in winter capelin fish sauce. Moisture content and pH were lower in the summer capelin fish sauce, but Brix and density were higher than those in fish sauce from winter capelin. Brown colour formation was very rapid in the summer capelin fish sauce but slow in the winter capelin fish sauce. Summer capelin may be successfully utilized for the production of fish sauce without added enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-504
Number of pages10
JournalFood Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Capelin (Mallotus villosus)
  • Fermentation
  • Fish processing
  • Fish sauce
  • Seasonal changes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Seasonal effects on the physicochemical characteristics of fish sauce made from capelin (Mallotus villosus)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this