Seasonal quality profile and production of foliage from trees grown on degraded cropland in arid Uzbekistan, Central Asia

J. P.A. Lamers, Asia Khamzina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Feed shortages hamper livestock rearing and thus impede the development of rural livelihoods in Central Asia. The production and in vitro quality of foliage from Ulmus pumila, Elaeagnus angustifolia and Populus euphratica on degraded cropland were examined to determine the potential of these species to supplement diary cattle diets. Leaf dry matter (DM) production of the species, respectively, averaged 6, 8 and 17 t DM/ha, 4 years after planting. Over seasons and years, crude protein concentrations (g/kg DM) ranged within 151-257 for E. angustifolia, 70-241 for U. pumila and 92-187 for P. euphratica. The metabolizable energy concentrations (MJ/kg DM) were the highest in U. pumila and ranged within 9-10, followed by 7-10 of E. angustifolia and 7-9 of P. euphratica. The organic matter digestibility (%) ranged within 58-70, 54-66, and 51-66, respectively, for these species. These indicators combined denoted a medium-to-good feed quality of E. angustifolia and U. pumila leaves as a cheap protein supplement to roughages. The foliage of P. euphratica was the least suitable. The seasonal profile of in vitro indicators revealed the highest feed quality in spring but early fall seems most appropriate for forage collection given the peak leaf production and an adequate quality.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Volume94
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Uzbekistan
Central Asia
Ulmus pumila
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Populus euphratica
Elaeagnaceae
Ulmus
Populus
Social Planning
Dietary Fiber
Livestock
feed quality
leaves
Proteins
Diet
rural development
protein supplements
livelihood
metabolizable energy
dry matter accumulation

Keywords

  • Afforestation
  • Elaeagnus angustifolia
  • In vitro assessment
  • Nutritive value
  • Populus euphratica
  • Tree leaves
  • Ulmus pumila

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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abstract = "Feed shortages hamper livestock rearing and thus impede the development of rural livelihoods in Central Asia. The production and in vitro quality of foliage from Ulmus pumila, Elaeagnus angustifolia and Populus euphratica on degraded cropland were examined to determine the potential of these species to supplement diary cattle diets. Leaf dry matter (DM) production of the species, respectively, averaged 6, 8 and 17 t DM/ha, 4 years after planting. Over seasons and years, crude protein concentrations (g/kg DM) ranged within 151-257 for E. angustifolia, 70-241 for U. pumila and 92-187 for P. euphratica. The metabolizable energy concentrations (MJ/kg DM) were the highest in U. pumila and ranged within 9-10, followed by 7-10 of E. angustifolia and 7-9 of P. euphratica. The organic matter digestibility ({\%}) ranged within 58-70, 54-66, and 51-66, respectively, for these species. These indicators combined denoted a medium-to-good feed quality of E. angustifolia and U. pumila leaves as a cheap protein supplement to roughages. The foliage of P. euphratica was the least suitable. The seasonal profile of in vitro indicators revealed the highest feed quality in spring but early fall seems most appropriate for forage collection given the peak leaf production and an adequate quality.",
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