Secondhand smoke exposure and urine cotinine concentrations by occupation among korean workers

Results from the 2008 korea national survey for environmental pollutants in the human body

So Ryong Lee, Chae Kwan Lee, Hosub Im, Wonho Yang, Sang Hwa Urm, Seung Do Yu, Jin Heon Lee, Chun Hui Suh, Kun Hyung Kim, Byung Chul Son, Jeong Ho Kim, Se Yeong Kim, Soo Woong Lee, Jong-Tae Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to estimate the status of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure through urine cotinine analysis among nonsmoking workers in Korea and to analyze factors affecting urine cotinine concentrations. Data were based on "The 2008 Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the Human Body," a cross-sectional study of the National Institute of Environmental Research of Korea. We selected 1448 nonsmoking adult workers from 200 localities to participate in this survey. Urine cotinine concentrations were analyzed using a gas chromatograph-mass selective detector. We calculated separate covariate-adjusted geometric means for socio-demographic variables for males, females, and total subjects by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Ill.). The prevalence of self-reported exposure to SHS was 36.9%. The geometric mean (95% confidence interval) of urine cotinine concentrations among all participants was 16.50 (14.48-18.80) g/L. Gender, living area, education, and SHS exposure showed significant differences in urine cotinine concentrations. The urine cotinine concentrations of farmworkers and blue-collar workers such as skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers, and elementary occupations were higher than those of white-collar workers such as clerical support workers, technicians, and associate professionals. Such a high proportion of the population having high urine cotinine levels indicates widespread exposure to SHS among nonsmoking workers in Korea. Furthermore, the urine cotinine levels among nonsmoking workers exposed to SHS varied by occupation. The measured urine cotinine concentration is suggested to be a valuable indication of SHS exposure in Korea. © 2014

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-325
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May 4
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cotinine
Environmental Pollutants
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Korea
Human Body
Occupations
Urine
Surveys and Questionnaires
Forestry
Fisheries
Statistical Factor Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Gases
Demography
Confidence Intervals
Education

Keywords

  • Occupation
  • secondhand smoke
  • urine cotinine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Secondhand smoke exposure and urine cotinine concentrations by occupation among korean workers : Results from the 2008 korea national survey for environmental pollutants in the human body. / Lee, So Ryong; Lee, Chae Kwan; Im, Hosub; Yang, Wonho; Urm, Sang Hwa; Yu, Seung Do; Lee, Jin Heon; Suh, Chun Hui; Kim, Kun Hyung; Son, Byung Chul; Kim, Jeong Ho; Kim, Se Yeong; Lee, Soo Woong; Lee, Jong-Tae.

In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Vol. 11, No. 5, 04.05.2014, p. 314-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, So Ryong ; Lee, Chae Kwan ; Im, Hosub ; Yang, Wonho ; Urm, Sang Hwa ; Yu, Seung Do ; Lee, Jin Heon ; Suh, Chun Hui ; Kim, Kun Hyung ; Son, Byung Chul ; Kim, Jeong Ho ; Kim, Se Yeong ; Lee, Soo Woong ; Lee, Jong-Tae. / Secondhand smoke exposure and urine cotinine concentrations by occupation among korean workers : Results from the 2008 korea national survey for environmental pollutants in the human body. In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 2014 ; Vol. 11, No. 5. pp. 314-325.
@article{b078951ad18d4ff88e363a31f340fc21,
title = "Secondhand smoke exposure and urine cotinine concentrations by occupation among korean workers: Results from the 2008 korea national survey for environmental pollutants in the human body",
abstract = "This study aimed to estimate the status of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure through urine cotinine analysis among nonsmoking workers in Korea and to analyze factors affecting urine cotinine concentrations. Data were based on {"}The 2008 Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the Human Body,{"} a cross-sectional study of the National Institute of Environmental Research of Korea. We selected 1448 nonsmoking adult workers from 200 localities to participate in this survey. Urine cotinine concentrations were analyzed using a gas chromatograph-mass selective detector. We calculated separate covariate-adjusted geometric means for socio-demographic variables for males, females, and total subjects by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Ill.). The prevalence of self-reported exposure to SHS was 36.9{\%}. The geometric mean (95{\%} confidence interval) of urine cotinine concentrations among all participants was 16.50 (14.48-18.80) g/L. Gender, living area, education, and SHS exposure showed significant differences in urine cotinine concentrations. The urine cotinine concentrations of farmworkers and blue-collar workers such as skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers, and elementary occupations were higher than those of white-collar workers such as clerical support workers, technicians, and associate professionals. Such a high proportion of the population having high urine cotinine levels indicates widespread exposure to SHS among nonsmoking workers in Korea. Furthermore, the urine cotinine levels among nonsmoking workers exposed to SHS varied by occupation. The measured urine cotinine concentration is suggested to be a valuable indication of SHS exposure in Korea. {\circledC} 2014",
keywords = "Occupation, secondhand smoke, urine cotinine",
author = "Lee, {So Ryong} and Lee, {Chae Kwan} and Hosub Im and Wonho Yang and Urm, {Sang Hwa} and Yu, {Seung Do} and Lee, {Jin Heon} and Suh, {Chun Hui} and Kim, {Kun Hyung} and Son, {Byung Chul} and Kim, {Jeong Ho} and Kim, {Se Yeong} and Lee, {Soo Woong} and Jong-Tae Lee",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/15459624.2013.863130",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "314--325",
journal = "Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene",
issn = "1545-9624",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Secondhand smoke exposure and urine cotinine concentrations by occupation among korean workers

T2 - Results from the 2008 korea national survey for environmental pollutants in the human body

AU - Lee, So Ryong

AU - Lee, Chae Kwan

AU - Im, Hosub

AU - Yang, Wonho

AU - Urm, Sang Hwa

AU - Yu, Seung Do

AU - Lee, Jin Heon

AU - Suh, Chun Hui

AU - Kim, Kun Hyung

AU - Son, Byung Chul

AU - Kim, Jeong Ho

AU - Kim, Se Yeong

AU - Lee, Soo Woong

AU - Lee, Jong-Tae

PY - 2014/5/4

Y1 - 2014/5/4

N2 - This study aimed to estimate the status of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure through urine cotinine analysis among nonsmoking workers in Korea and to analyze factors affecting urine cotinine concentrations. Data were based on "The 2008 Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the Human Body," a cross-sectional study of the National Institute of Environmental Research of Korea. We selected 1448 nonsmoking adult workers from 200 localities to participate in this survey. Urine cotinine concentrations were analyzed using a gas chromatograph-mass selective detector. We calculated separate covariate-adjusted geometric means for socio-demographic variables for males, females, and total subjects by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Ill.). The prevalence of self-reported exposure to SHS was 36.9%. The geometric mean (95% confidence interval) of urine cotinine concentrations among all participants was 16.50 (14.48-18.80) g/L. Gender, living area, education, and SHS exposure showed significant differences in urine cotinine concentrations. The urine cotinine concentrations of farmworkers and blue-collar workers such as skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers, and elementary occupations were higher than those of white-collar workers such as clerical support workers, technicians, and associate professionals. Such a high proportion of the population having high urine cotinine levels indicates widespread exposure to SHS among nonsmoking workers in Korea. Furthermore, the urine cotinine levels among nonsmoking workers exposed to SHS varied by occupation. The measured urine cotinine concentration is suggested to be a valuable indication of SHS exposure in Korea. © 2014

AB - This study aimed to estimate the status of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure through urine cotinine analysis among nonsmoking workers in Korea and to analyze factors affecting urine cotinine concentrations. Data were based on "The 2008 Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the Human Body," a cross-sectional study of the National Institute of Environmental Research of Korea. We selected 1448 nonsmoking adult workers from 200 localities to participate in this survey. Urine cotinine concentrations were analyzed using a gas chromatograph-mass selective detector. We calculated separate covariate-adjusted geometric means for socio-demographic variables for males, females, and total subjects by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Ill.). The prevalence of self-reported exposure to SHS was 36.9%. The geometric mean (95% confidence interval) of urine cotinine concentrations among all participants was 16.50 (14.48-18.80) g/L. Gender, living area, education, and SHS exposure showed significant differences in urine cotinine concentrations. The urine cotinine concentrations of farmworkers and blue-collar workers such as skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers, and elementary occupations were higher than those of white-collar workers such as clerical support workers, technicians, and associate professionals. Such a high proportion of the population having high urine cotinine levels indicates widespread exposure to SHS among nonsmoking workers in Korea. Furthermore, the urine cotinine levels among nonsmoking workers exposed to SHS varied by occupation. The measured urine cotinine concentration is suggested to be a valuable indication of SHS exposure in Korea. © 2014

KW - Occupation

KW - secondhand smoke

KW - urine cotinine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899112481&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899112481&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15459624.2013.863130

DO - 10.1080/15459624.2013.863130

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 314

EP - 325

JO - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene

JF - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene

SN - 1545-9624

IS - 5

ER -