Secretagogue-induced digestive enzyme activation and cell injury in rat pancreatic acini

A. K. Saluja, L. Bhagat, Hong Sik Lee, M. Bhatia, J. L. Frossard, M. L. Steer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

163 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanisms responsible for intrapancreatic digestive enzyme activation as well as the relationship between that activation and cell injury during pancreatitis are not understood. We have employed an in vitro system in which freshly prepared pancreatic acini are exposed to a supramaximally stimulating concentration of the CCK analog caerulein to explore these issues. We find that in vitro trypsinogen activation depends on the continued presence of Ca2+ in the suspending medium and that it is half-maximal in the presence of 0.3 mM Ca2+. Caerulein-induced trypsinogen activation can be halted by removal of Ca2+ from the suspending medium or by chelation of intracellular Ca2+. Increasing intracellular Ca2+ with either ionomycin or thapsigargin does not induce trypsinogen activation. We have monitored cell injury by measuring the leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from acini and by quantitating intercalation of propidium iodide (PI) into DNA. Leakage of LDH and intercalation of PI in response to supramaximal stimulation with caerulein can be detected only after caerulein-induced trypsinogen activation has already occurred, and these indications of cell injury can be prevented by addition of a cell-permeant protease inhibitor. Our findings indicate that caerulein-induced intra-acinar cell activation of trypsinogen depends on a rise in intracellular Ca2+, which reflects entry of Ca2+ from the suspending medium. Intra-acinar cell activation of trypsinogen is an early as well as a critical event in pancreatitis. The subsequent cell injury in this model is mediated by activated proteases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume276
Issue number4 39-4
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Trypsinogen
Enzyme Activation
Ceruletide
Wounds and Injuries
Propidium
Acinar Cells
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Pancreatitis
Ionomycin
Thapsigargin
Protease Inhibitors
Peptide Hydrolases
DNA

Keywords

  • Caerulein
  • Calcium
  • Pancreatitis
  • Trypsinogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Secretagogue-induced digestive enzyme activation and cell injury in rat pancreatic acini. / Saluja, A. K.; Bhagat, L.; Lee, Hong Sik; Bhatia, M.; Frossard, J. L.; Steer, M. L.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, Vol. 276, No. 4 39-4, 01.04.1999.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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