Sectoral shocks and movement costs: Effects on employment and welfare

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Abstract

In this paper we provide a general equilibrium model of a two-sector economy which accounts for low employment due to the incomplete responses of workers to sectoral shocks. This model is used to reconcile the seemingly contradictory results of macro and micro evidence; namely that sectoral shocks explain fluctuations of employment even though we do not observe cyclical movements of labor across sectors. We further find that increasing the frequency of sectoral shocks, holding the magnitude of the shocks fixed, decreases total employment. This allows us to account for the phenomena that the unemployment rate itself has been higher since 1970, a period characterized by an increased frequency of sectoral shocks. We also study the theoretical implications of two opposite policies: one which subsidizes mobility and the other which eliminates the partial insurance provided in the model. The former increases employment and welfare while the latter increases employment but reduces welfare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-471
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Economic Dynamics and Control
Volume21
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Employment
  • Movement costs
  • Sectoral shocks
  • Welfare

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Control and Optimization

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