Secular trends of gestational diabetes mellitus and changes in its risk factors

Geum Joon Cho, Log Young Kim, Ye Na Sung, Jee Ae Kim, Soon Young Hwang, Hye Ri Hong, Soon Cheol Hong, Min Jeong Oh, Hai Joong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the secular trends of incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and insulin treatment for GDM in a Korean population and to determine the factors that contribute to the trends in the incidence of GDM. Study Design: We used data collected by the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service of Korea and analyzed data from women who had given birth from 2006 to 2010. We evaluated the trends in the incidence of GDM and GDM requiring insulin treatment and the changes in risk factors. Results: There were 1,824,913 births during the study period, which included 129,666 cases of GDM, an incidence of 7.11% over this period. The incidence of GDM increased from 3.86% in 2007 to 11.83% in 2010, with a continuous increase after adjustment for age. However, the number of GDM cases that required insulin treatment decreased significantly from 13.87% in 2007 to 5.94% in 2010. The proportion of patients who were at an older age and multiparity, 2 GDM risk factors, increased during the study period. Conclusions: In Korea, the incidence of GDM, especially mild GDM, increased dramatically during the period from 2006 to 2010. Further efforts are needed to monitor this trend and to identify associated factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0136017
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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