Selective oxidation of CO over CuO-CeO2 catalyst

Effect of calcination temperature

C. R. Jung, Jonghee Han, SukWoo Nam, T. H. Lim, S. A. Hong, H. I. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CuO-CeO2 catalysts were prepared by a conventional co-precipitation method and tested for the selective oxidation of carbon monoxide in the presence of excess hydrogen and carbon dioxide. N2 adsorption results showed that the BET surface area and pore volume of the CuO-CeO2 catalyst decreased with increase of calcination temperature whereas average pore diameter increased. From the results of XRD and XPS, we determined the oxidation state of copper in the catalyst. With the increase of calcination temperature, cupric oxide was formed near the surface of the catalyst at first and then appeared on the surface of the catalyst, indicating that the CuO-CeO2 catalyst was in the form of a solid solution and cupric oxide was formed due to phase separation which then migrated to the surface of the catalyst with the increase of calcination temperature. CO chemisorption data exhibited the amounts of CO uptake of the CuO-CeO2 catalyst. The amount of reversible CO uptake showed a volcano curve with calcination temperature. The CuO-CeO2 catalyst batch which was calcined at 700°C had the best activity because this catalyst formed the most stable state of Cu-Ce-O solid solution and could chemisorb CO reversibly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume93-95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Calcination
Oxidation
Catalysts
Temperature
Solid solutions
Volcanoes
Oxides
Chemisorption
Coprecipitation
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Phase separation
Copper
Hydrogen
Carbon dioxide
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Adsorption

Keywords

  • Calcination temperature
  • Ceria
  • Copper
  • Cu-Ce-O solid solution
  • Selective oxidation of carbon monoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Selective oxidation of CO over CuO-CeO2 catalyst : Effect of calcination temperature. / Jung, C. R.; Han, Jonghee; Nam, SukWoo; Lim, T. H.; Hong, S. A.; Lee, H. I.

In: Catalysis Today, Vol. 93-95, 01.09.2004, p. 183-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jung, C. R. ; Han, Jonghee ; Nam, SukWoo ; Lim, T. H. ; Hong, S. A. ; Lee, H. I. / Selective oxidation of CO over CuO-CeO2 catalyst : Effect of calcination temperature. In: Catalysis Today. 2004 ; Vol. 93-95. pp. 183-190.
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