Selenium-infiltrated metal-organic framework-derived porous carbon nanofibers comprising interconnected bimodal pores for Li-Se batteries with high capacity and rate performance

Seung Keun Park, Jin Sung Park, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rational design of cathode materials for lithium-selenium (Li-Se) batteries is essential to achieve high-performance electrochemical properties with long cycle life and excellent rate capability. In this paper, novel porous carbon nanofibers with bimodal pores (micro/meso), as efficient cathode hosts for Li-Se batteries, were successfully synthesized by carbonization of electrospun zeolitic imidazole framework-8/polyacrylonitrile (ZIF-8/PAN) nanofibers and further chemical activation. Mesopores originated from carbonization of ZIF-8 embedded in the carbon nanofiber, and micropores were further introduced via KOH activation. During the activation step, micropores were introduced to the ZIF-8-derived meso porous carbon cages and within the carbon nanofibers, resulting in the formation of bimodal porous carbon nanofibers with enlarged pore volumes. Owing to their mesopores for easy access of electrolyte and high utilization of chain-like selenium with low-range ordering within the micropore, the selenium-loaded bimodal porous carbon nanofibers exhibited high discharge capacity and superb rate performance. The discharge capacities of the nanofibers at the 2nd and 300th cycle at a current density of 0.5C were 742 and 588 mA h g-1, respectively. The capacity retention calculated from the 2nd cycle was 79.2%. In addition, a discharge capacity of 568 mA h g-1 was obtained at an extremely high current density of 10.0C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1028-1036
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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Carbon nanofibers
Selenium
Lithium
Metals
Chemical activation
Carbonization
Nanofibers
Cathodes
Current density
Polyacrylonitriles
Electrochemical properties
Electrolytes
Life cycle
Carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Selenium-infiltrated metal-organic framework-derived porous carbon nanofibers comprising interconnected bimodal pores for Li-Se batteries with high capacity and rate performance",
abstract = "The rational design of cathode materials for lithium-selenium (Li-Se) batteries is essential to achieve high-performance electrochemical properties with long cycle life and excellent rate capability. In this paper, novel porous carbon nanofibers with bimodal pores (micro/meso), as efficient cathode hosts for Li-Se batteries, were successfully synthesized by carbonization of electrospun zeolitic imidazole framework-8/polyacrylonitrile (ZIF-8/PAN) nanofibers and further chemical activation. Mesopores originated from carbonization of ZIF-8 embedded in the carbon nanofiber, and micropores were further introduced via KOH activation. During the activation step, micropores were introduced to the ZIF-8-derived meso porous carbon cages and within the carbon nanofibers, resulting in the formation of bimodal porous carbon nanofibers with enlarged pore volumes. Owing to their mesopores for easy access of electrolyte and high utilization of chain-like selenium with low-range ordering within the micropore, the selenium-loaded bimodal porous carbon nanofibers exhibited high discharge capacity and superb rate performance. The discharge capacities of the nanofibers at the 2nd and 300th cycle at a current density of 0.5C were 742 and 588 mA h g-1, respectively. The capacity retention calculated from the 2nd cycle was 79.2{\%}. In addition, a discharge capacity of 568 mA h g-1 was obtained at an extremely high current density of 10.0C.",
author = "Park, {Seung Keun} and Park, {Jin Sung} and Kang, {Yun Chan}",
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AB - The rational design of cathode materials for lithium-selenium (Li-Se) batteries is essential to achieve high-performance electrochemical properties with long cycle life and excellent rate capability. In this paper, novel porous carbon nanofibers with bimodal pores (micro/meso), as efficient cathode hosts for Li-Se batteries, were successfully synthesized by carbonization of electrospun zeolitic imidazole framework-8/polyacrylonitrile (ZIF-8/PAN) nanofibers and further chemical activation. Mesopores originated from carbonization of ZIF-8 embedded in the carbon nanofiber, and micropores were further introduced via KOH activation. During the activation step, micropores were introduced to the ZIF-8-derived meso porous carbon cages and within the carbon nanofibers, resulting in the formation of bimodal porous carbon nanofibers with enlarged pore volumes. Owing to their mesopores for easy access of electrolyte and high utilization of chain-like selenium with low-range ordering within the micropore, the selenium-loaded bimodal porous carbon nanofibers exhibited high discharge capacity and superb rate performance. The discharge capacities of the nanofibers at the 2nd and 300th cycle at a current density of 0.5C were 742 and 588 mA h g-1, respectively. The capacity retention calculated from the 2nd cycle was 79.2%. In addition, a discharge capacity of 568 mA h g-1 was obtained at an extremely high current density of 10.0C.

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