Light extraction in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) was improved by applying SnO x nanocones grown via thermal annealing in a low-O2 atmosphere. SnO x was easily fabricated through thermal processing after Sn deposition. The diameter of the SnO x nanocones was controlled by changing the deposition thickness of Sn. The SnO x nanocones induced strong Mie scattering, which reduced the total internal reflection in the glass substrate. Consequently, the OLED with SnO x nanocones exhibited a 23% increase in the external quantum efficiency compared with a reference device.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering