Self-doped colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals with intraband transitions in steady state

Jihye Kim, Dongsun Choi, Kwang Seob Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tunable bandgap energy has been recognized as a prominent feature of the colloidal semiconductor nanocrystal, also called the colloidal quantum dot (CQD). Due to the broken degeneracy caused by the quantum confinement effect, the electronic states of the conduction band (CB) are separated by a few hundred meV. The electronic transition occurring in the conduction band is called the intraband transition and has been regarded as a fast electron relaxation process that cannot be readily observed under steady state. However, recent progress in the studies of intraband transitions allowed the observation of the mid-IR intraband transition in steady state and ambient condition, providing a pathway to exploit the mid-IR electronic transition for various optoelectronic applications. The observation of the steady state intraband transitions has been possible due to the electron filling of the lowest electronic state (1Se) of the conduction band in the semiconductor nanocrystal. Specifically, the nanocrystals are “self-doped” with electrons through chemical synthesis-that is, without the need of adding heterogeneous impurity or applying an electrical potential. In this feature article, we summarize the recent advances in the study on intraband electronic transitions along with the interesting findings on the magnetic and electronic properties of the self-doped colloidal metal chalcogenide semiconductor nanocrystals. The mid-IR intraband transitions of non-toxic nanocrystals, which exclude the toxic mercury and cadmium constituents, are also highlighted, which hold promise for safer applications utilizing the higher quantum states of nanocrystals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8435-8445
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Communications
Volume54
Issue number61
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Quantum Dots
Electron transitions
Nanocrystals
Nanoparticles
Semiconductor materials
Electrons
Conduction bands
Observation
Electronic states
Poisons
Mercury
Cadmium
Quantum confinement
Mercury (metal)
Metals
Relaxation processes
Electronic properties
Optoelectronic devices
Semiconductor quantum dots
Magnetic properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Self-doped colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals with intraband transitions in steady state. / Kim, Jihye; Choi, Dongsun; Jeong, Kwang Seob.

In: Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, No. 61, 01.01.2018, p. 8435-8445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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