The industrial scale application of graphene and other functional materials in the field of electronics has been limited by inherent defects, and the lack of simple deposition methods. A simple spray deposition method is developed that uses a supersonic air jet for a commercially available reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) suspension. The r-GO flakes are used as received, which are pre-annealed and pre-hydrazine-treated, and do not undergo any post-treatment. A part of the considerable kinetic energy of the r-GO flakes entrained by the supersonic jet is used in stretching the flakes upon impact with the substrate. The resulting "frozen elastic strains" heal the defects (topological defects, namely Stone-Wales defect and C2 vacancies) in the r-GO flakes, which is reflected in the reduced ratio of the intensities of the D and G bands in the deposited film. The defects can also be regenerated by annealing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials