Sensitization of epidermal growth factor-induced signaling by bradykinin is mediated by c-Src: Implications for a role of lipid microdomains

Eun Mi Hur, Yong Soo Park, Byoung Dae Lee, Il Ho Jang, Hyeon Soo Kim, Tae Don Kim, Pann Ghill Suh, Sung Ho Ryu, Kyong Tai Kim

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Abstract

Communication between receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)- and G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-mediated signaling systems has received increasing attention in recent years. Here, we report that activation of G protein-coupled bradykinin B2 receptor induces an upregulation of cellular responses mediated by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and provide essential mechanistic characteristics of this sensitization process. EGF, which failed to evoke detectable amount of calcium increase and neurotransmitter release when administrated alone in primary cultures of rat adrenal chromaffin cells and PC12 cells, became capable of inducing these responses specifically after bradykinin pretreatment. Both EGFR and non-receptor tyrosine kinase p60Src, whose kinase activities were required in the sensitization, were found to be enriched in cholesterol-rich lipid rafts. Bradykinin caused activation of p60Src and Src-dependent phosphorylation of the EGFR on Tyr-845 in lipid rafts, as well as recruitment of phospholipase C (PLC) γ1 to the rafts. Depletion of cholesterol by methyl-β-cyclodextrin disrupted the raft localization of EGFR and Src, as well as bradykinin-induced translocation of PLCγ1. Furthermore, sensitization, which was impaired by cholesterol depletion, was restored by repletion of cholesterol. Therefore, we suggest that lipid rafts are essential participants in the regulation of receptor-mediated signal transduction and cross-talk via organizing signaling complexes in membrane microdomains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5852-5860
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb 13

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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