Sequential bilateral lung resection in a patient with Mycobacterium abscessus lung disease refractory to medical treatment

Seung Heon Lee, Joo Won Min, Sang Won Um, Seon Sook Han, Sung Koo Han, Young Soo Shim, Jae Joon Yim

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) is the second most common nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in South Korea. Nevertheless, the diagnosis and treatment of M. abscessus lung disease can be problematic. Surgical resection has been tried for patients with localized M. abscessus lung disease refractory to medical treatment. Here, we report on a 25-year-old woman with M. abscessus lung disease who had been diagnosed and treated three times for pulmonary tuberculosis. She was initially diagnosed as having M. intracellulare lung disease; however, M. abscessus was isolated after several months of medication. She had multiple bronchiectatic and cavitary lesions bilaterally, and M. abscessus was repeatedly isolated from her sputa despite prolonged treatment with clarithromycin, ethambutol, moxifloxacin, and amikacin. She improved only after sequential bilateral lung resection. Based on the experience with this patient, we suggest that, if medical treatment fails, surgical resection of a diseased lung should be considered even in patients with bilateral lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Atypical mycobacteria
  • Surgery
  • Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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