Serotonin stimulates GnRH secretion through the c-Src-PLC γ1 pathway in GT1-7 hypothalamic cells

Hyeon Soo Kim, Sanatombi Yumkham, Jang Hyun Choi, Gi Hoon Son, Kyungjin Kim, Sung Ho Ryu, Pann Ghill Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that alters the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. To date, however, the molecular mechanisms underlying die role of serotonin in hormone secretion have remained largely unclear. In this study, we report that serotonin activates phospholipase C (PLC) γ1 in an Src-dependent manner in hypothalamic GT1-7 cells, and that pretreatment with either 4-amino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-(t-butyl) pyrazole P, 4-d] pyrimidine, an Src-kinase inhibitor, or U73122, a PLC inhibitor, attenuates the serotonin-induced increase in calcium levels. Also, PLCγ1 binds to c-Src through the Src-homology (SH) 223 domain upon serotonin treatment. Moreover, calcium increase is alleviated in the cells transiently expressing SH223 domain-deleted PLCγ1 or lipase inactive mutant PLC γ1, as compared with cells transfected with wild-type PLC γ1. Furthermore, the inhibition of the activities of either PLC or Src results in a significant diminution of the serotonin-induced release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRI-1). In addition, the results of our small-interfering RNA experiment confirm that endogenous PLC γ1 is a prerequisite for serotonin-mediated signaling pathways. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that serotonin stimulates the release of GnRH through the Src-PLC γ1 pathway, via the modulation of intracellular calcium levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-591
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume190
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

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Type C Phospholipases
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Serotonin
Calcium
src Homology Domains
src-Family Kinases
Lipase
Small Interfering RNA
Neurotransmitter Agents
Hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Serotonin stimulates GnRH secretion through the c-Src-PLC γ1 pathway in GT1-7 hypothalamic cells. / Kim, Hyeon Soo; Yumkham, Sanatombi; Choi, Jang Hyun; Son, Gi Hoon; Kim, Kyungjin; Ryu, Sung Ho; Suh, Pann Ghill.

In: Journal of Endocrinology, Vol. 190, No. 3, 01.09.2006, p. 581-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Hyeon Soo ; Yumkham, Sanatombi ; Choi, Jang Hyun ; Son, Gi Hoon ; Kim, Kyungjin ; Ryu, Sung Ho ; Suh, Pann Ghill. / Serotonin stimulates GnRH secretion through the c-Src-PLC γ1 pathway in GT1-7 hypothalamic cells. In: Journal of Endocrinology. 2006 ; Vol. 190, No. 3. pp. 581-591.
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