A novel SERS-based sandwich immunoassay using DNA aptamers, silica-encapsulated hollow gold nanospheres (SEHGNs) and a gold-patterned microarray was developed for sensitive detection of VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) angiogenesis protein markers. Here, a DNA aptamer conjugated to SEHGN was used as a highly reproducible SERS-encoding nanoprobe, and a hybrid microarray including hydrophilic gold wells and other hydrophobic areas was used as a SERS substrate. Target specific DNA aptamers that fold into a G-quadruplex structure were used as a target recognition unit instead of VEGF antibodies. The detection sensitivity was increased by 2 or 3 orders of magnitude over the conventional ELISA method. In particular, the dynamic concentration range was 3 or 4 orders of magnitude greater than that of conventional ELISA. The results demonstrate that this sensing strategy using DNA aptamers is a powerful platform for the design of novel immune-sensors with high performance. In particular, SERS-based detection using SEHGNs provides great promise for highly sensitive biomarker sensing with unprecedented advantages.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Physics and Astronomy(all)