Sex differences in the association between stroke and bone mineral density in elderly Koreans: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008–2010

Ji Eun Lee, Hye Rim Jeon, Jung Keun Park, Kyung Do Han, Ji hyun Kim, Jinnie Yoon, Seok won Park, Yang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hwan Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. Study design A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. It was categorized as normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis. Results In men who had had a stroke, the prevalence of osteoporosis was greater than that of both osteopenia and normal BMD, and the prevalence of osteopenia was greater than that of normal BMD (p < 0.001). However, there were no significant differences in BMD level among women who had had a stroke. Men who had had a stroke undertook less vigorous exercise and moderate-or-vigorous exercise than did men who had not had a stroke (p = 0.002 and 0.030, respectively). After adjusting for all covariates, the mean BMD at the lumbar spine, total hip and neck of the femur was lower in men who had had a stroke than in men who had not (p = 0.034, 0.002, and 0.005, respectively). There were no significant differences in mean BMD at any of the three sites between women who had and women who had not had a stroke. Conclusion Men who have had a stroke have a higher prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis, and have lower BMD at the total hip and femur neck than men who have not had a stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalMaturitas
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Nutrition Surveys
Nutrition
Sex Characteristics
Bone Density
Minerals
Bone
Stroke
Health
Metabolic Bone Diseases
Osteoporosis
Femur Neck
Hip
Spine
Exercise
Photon Absorptiometry
Korea
X rays

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Elderly
  • Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
  • Osteoporosis
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Sex differences in the association between stroke and bone mineral density in elderly Koreans : The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008–2010. / Lee, Ji Eun; Jeon, Hye Rim; Park, Jung Keun; Han, Kyung Do; Kim, Ji hyun; Yoon, Jinnie; Park, Seok won; Kim, Yang-Hyun; Cho, Kyung-Hwan.

In: Maturitas, Vol. 95, 01.01.2017, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Ji Eun ; Jeon, Hye Rim ; Park, Jung Keun ; Han, Kyung Do ; Kim, Ji hyun ; Yoon, Jinnie ; Park, Seok won ; Kim, Yang-Hyun ; Cho, Kyung-Hwan. / Sex differences in the association between stroke and bone mineral density in elderly Koreans : The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008–2010. In: Maturitas. 2017 ; Vol. 95. pp. 1-5.
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abstract = "Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. Study design A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. It was categorized as normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis. Results In men who had had a stroke, the prevalence of osteoporosis was greater than that of both osteopenia and normal BMD, and the prevalence of osteopenia was greater than that of normal BMD (p < 0.001). However, there were no significant differences in BMD level among women who had had a stroke. Men who had had a stroke undertook less vigorous exercise and moderate-or-vigorous exercise than did men who had not had a stroke (p = 0.002 and 0.030, respectively). After adjusting for all covariates, the mean BMD at the lumbar spine, total hip and neck of the femur was lower in men who had had a stroke than in men who had not (p = 0.034, 0.002, and 0.005, respectively). There were no significant differences in mean BMD at any of the three sites between women who had and women who had not had a stroke. Conclusion Men who have had a stroke have a higher prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis, and have lower BMD at the total hip and femur neck than men who have not had a stroke.",
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T1 - Sex differences in the association between stroke and bone mineral density in elderly Koreans

T2 - The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008–2010

AU - Lee, Ji Eun

AU - Jeon, Hye Rim

AU - Park, Jung Keun

AU - Han, Kyung Do

AU - Kim, Ji hyun

AU - Yoon, Jinnie

AU - Park, Seok won

AU - Kim, Yang-Hyun

AU - Cho, Kyung-Hwan

PY - 2017/1/1

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N2 - Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. Study design A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. It was categorized as normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis. Results In men who had had a stroke, the prevalence of osteoporosis was greater than that of both osteopenia and normal BMD, and the prevalence of osteopenia was greater than that of normal BMD (p < 0.001). However, there were no significant differences in BMD level among women who had had a stroke. Men who had had a stroke undertook less vigorous exercise and moderate-or-vigorous exercise than did men who had not had a stroke (p = 0.002 and 0.030, respectively). After adjusting for all covariates, the mean BMD at the lumbar spine, total hip and neck of the femur was lower in men who had had a stroke than in men who had not (p = 0.034, 0.002, and 0.005, respectively). There were no significant differences in mean BMD at any of the three sites between women who had and women who had not had a stroke. Conclusion Men who have had a stroke have a higher prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis, and have lower BMD at the total hip and femur neck than men who have not had a stroke.

AB - Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate whether osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly Korean people who have had a stroke and whether the association differs by sex. Study design A total of 3806 elderly subjects (1951 men and 1855 women) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included in this study. Stroke history was determined by self-administered questionnaire. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine, total hip, and neck of the femur using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. It was categorized as normal, osteopenia, or osteoporosis. Results In men who had had a stroke, the prevalence of osteoporosis was greater than that of both osteopenia and normal BMD, and the prevalence of osteopenia was greater than that of normal BMD (p < 0.001). However, there were no significant differences in BMD level among women who had had a stroke. Men who had had a stroke undertook less vigorous exercise and moderate-or-vigorous exercise than did men who had not had a stroke (p = 0.002 and 0.030, respectively). After adjusting for all covariates, the mean BMD at the lumbar spine, total hip and neck of the femur was lower in men who had had a stroke than in men who had not (p = 0.034, 0.002, and 0.005, respectively). There were no significant differences in mean BMD at any of the three sites between women who had and women who had not had a stroke. Conclusion Men who have had a stroke have a higher prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis, and have lower BMD at the total hip and femur neck than men who have not had a stroke.

KW - Bone mineral density

KW - Elderly

KW - Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

KW - Osteoporosis

KW - Stroke

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