SF-qPCR: Strand Displacement-Based Fast Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction

Jiae Kim, Cheulhee Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nucleic acid testing (NAT) is important for the identification and quantification of specific nucleic acid targets, both DNA and RNA, in life sciences and clinical diagnostics. Nucleic acid amplification can be a time-consuming step in NAT using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a simple method to reduce the amplification time while maintaining the PCR system. The three-step process of a general qPCR was reduced to a two-step process. The annealing/extension temperatures were increased to minimize the differences between the denaturation temperature and the annealing/extension temperatures. Subsequently, the time for each of these steps was reduced and, finally, the denaturation temperature was lowered. Taq polymerase was replaced with SD polymerase because it has strand displacement activity and is efficient in amplifying partial dsDNA at lower denaturation temperatures. In the two-step qPCR of genomic DNA using SD polymerase, the final conditions included an initial denaturation at 92 °C for 2 min, and 1 s at each cycling step with a denaturation temperature of 87 °C and an annealing/extension temperature of 72 °C. Amplification of the nucleocapsid (N) gene of SARS-CoV-2 RNA virus was evaluated at a template concentration as low as 10 copies. This method, named SF-qPCR (strand displacement-based fast quantitative polymerase chain reaction), can stably detect less than 10 copies of DNA and RNA within 25–40 min. This new protocol allows for sensitive and rapid detection of important DNA and RNA targets in clinical diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalBiochip Journal
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Keywords

  • BRCA
  • Quantitative PCR
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • SD polymerase
  • SF-qPCR
  • Strand displacement activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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