SHANK3 overexpression causes manic-like behaviour with unique pharmacogenetic properties

Kihoon Han, J. Lloyd Holder, Christian P. Schaaf, Hui Lu, Hongmei Chen, Hyojin Kang, Jianrong Tang, Zhenyu Wu, Shuang Hao, Sau Wai Cheung, Peng Yu, Hao Sun, Amy M. Breman, Ankita Patel, Hui Chen Lu, Huda Y. Zoghbi

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191 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mutations in SHANK3 and large duplications of the region spanning SHANK3 both cause a spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders, indicating that proper SHANK3 dosage is critical for normal brain function. However, SHANK3 overexpression per se has not been established as a cause of human disorders because 22q13 duplications involve several genes. Here we report that Shank3 transgenic mice modelling a human SHANK3 duplication exhibit manic-like behaviour and seizures consistent with synaptic excitatory/inhibitory imbalance. We also identified two patients with hyperkinetic disorders carrying the smallest SHANK3-spanning duplications reported so far. These findings indicate that SHANK3 overexpression causes a hyperkinetic neuropsychiatric disorder. To probe the mechanism underlying the phenotype, we generated a Shank3 in vivo interactome and found that Shank3 directly interacts with the Arp2/3 complex to increase F-actin levels in Shank3 transgenic mice. The mood-stabilizing drug valproate, but not lithium, rescues the manic-like behaviour of Shank3 transgenic mice raising the possibility that this hyperkinetic disorder has a unique pharmacogenetic profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-77
Number of pages6
JournalNature
Volume503
Issue number7474
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 28
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Han, K., Holder, J. L., Schaaf, C. P., Lu, H., Chen, H., Kang, H., Tang, J., Wu, Z., Hao, S., Cheung, S. W., Yu, P., Sun, H., Breman, A. M., Patel, A., Lu, H. C., & Zoghbi, H. Y. (2013). SHANK3 overexpression causes manic-like behaviour with unique pharmacogenetic properties. Nature, 503(7474), 72-77. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12630