Shape-dependent catalytic activity of palladium nanoparticles for the direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen and oxygen

Seongmin Kim, Dae Won Lee, Kwan Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, single-crystal Pd nanocubes and nanooctahedrons were prepared by the colloidal method and their catalytic activities were compared in direct hydrogen peroxide synthesis. Using sodium tetrachloropalladate (II) as the Pd precursor, l-ascorbic acid (or formaldehyde) as the reducing agent, potassium bromide as the capping agent, and polyvinylpyrrolidone as the stabilizer, Pd nanocubes were obtained in a uniform size (9 nm). Pd octahedrons (23 nm in edge length) were synthesized via seed-mediated growth of the Pd nanocube, where the morphology of the cube was altered to that of a cuboctahedron, truncated octahedron, and octahedron, in series. The cubes and octahedrons were enclosed by {1 0 0} and {1 1 1} facets, respectively. In activity tests, the Pd octahedron presented higher hydrogen peroxide selectivity and productivity than the Pd cube. It is therefore suggested that the Pd {1 1 1} facet is more active than the Pd {1 0 0} facet in direct hydrogen peroxide synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume391
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep

Keywords

  • Direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide
  • Nanocatalyst
  • Nanocube
  • Nanooctahedron
  • Palladium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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