A unified framework that allows letting the group of UAVs autonomously control its topology in a safe and stable manner and suitable incorporation of some skilled human operators in the control loop is described. Various experiments were run in a test bed, which includes a group of quadrotors (QR) and two haptic interfaces integrated in a flexible software framework. The control architecture allows the integration of a topological motion controller, a human assistance module, and a force-feedback possibility to increase the telepresence of human assistants. Results show that the actions of the human command and obstacle avoidance produce a rotation of the whole formation, thus allowing to overcome the obstacles . The motion of the UAVs leads to several split and rejoins, triggering in some cases the tank/spring energy exchange needed to preserve passivity of the slave side described in the 'Ensuring a Stable Behavior of the Agent Group' section.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering