Many polysaccharides with varying shear stability have been grafted with polyacrylamide branches to enhance their turbulent drag-reducing and flocculating characteristics. Their aqueous solutions have been studied by shear and extensional rheometric techniques. All the solutions of grafted carboxymethyl cellulose, guar gum, starch, and sodium alginate exhibit shear-thinning non-Newtonian behavior. The viscosities are higher than those of ungrafted polysaccharides. The solutions of grafted carboxymethyl cellulose, guar gum and sodium alginate are spinnable. When subjected to uniaxial stretching in a stretching device, the formation of a thread and reduction of the thread diameter with time were observed. The stretching device was used to measure the relaxation time, which was found to be the largest (approx. 26 ms), on the order of flexible polyacrylamide, for the grafted carboxymethyl cellulose. Though a polyacrylamide solution degrades through nozzle flow and completely loses its extensional properties, a solution of grafted carboxymethyl cellulose retains about half its relaxation time because of the shear stability of polysaccharide chains and their structure.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Sep|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry