Epithin/PRSS14, a type II transmembrane serine protease, plays critical roles in cancer metastasis. Previously, we have reported that epithin/PRSS14 undergoes ectodomain shedding in response to phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) stimulation. In this study, we show that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) induces rapid epithin/PRSS14 shedding through receptor mediated pathway in 427.1.86 thymoma cells. Tumor necrosis factor-α converting enzyme (TACE) is responsible for this shedding. Amino acid sequence encompassing the putative shedding cleavage site of epithin/PRSS14 exhibit strong homology to the cleavage site of l-selectin, a known TACE substrate. TACE inhibitor, TAPI-0 and TACE siRNA greatly reduced TGF-β-induced epithin/PRSS14 shedding. TGF-β treatment induces translocation of intracellular pool of TACE to the membrane where epithin/PRSS14 resides. These findings suggest that TGF-β induces epithin/PRSS14 shedding by mediating translocation of epithin/PRSS14 sheddase, TACE, to the membrane.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Oct 3|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology