Short-term biochar application induced variations in C and N mineralization in a compost-amended tropical soil

Shih Hao Jien, Wen Chi Chen, Yong Sik Ok, Yasser Mahmoud Awad, Chien Sen Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To mitigate food shortage due to global warming, developing sustainable management practices to stabilize soil organic matter (SOM) and sequester more carbon (C) in the cultivated soils is necessary, particularly in subtropical and tropical areas. A short-term (56 days) incubation experiment was conducted to evaluate the influences of rice husk biochar (RHB) and manure compost (MC) application on C mineralization and nitrogen (N) immobilization in a sandy loam soil. The RHB was separately incorporated into the soil at application rates of 2 and 4% (w/w) either with or without 1% (w/w) compost. Our results displayed that macroaggregates (≥2 mm) were obviously increased by 11% in soil amended with RHB + MC at the end of incubation. In addition, the experimental results presented that the C mineralization of the soil rapidly increased during the first week of incubation. However, the co-application of compost with biochar (RHB + MC) revealed that CO2 emission was significantly decreased by 13–20% compared to the soil with only MC. In addition, the mineralized N in the soil was lower in RHB + MC-amended soil simultaneously than only MC-amended soil, indicating that biochar addition induced N immobilization. The physical protection of compost by its occlusion into aggregates or adsorption on surface of RHB as proved by the micromorphological observation was the main reason for lower C and N mineralization in soil amended with RHB + MC. Overall results revealed that RHB + MC treatment can decrease the decomposition of compost and sequester more C in the tropical agricultural soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

tropical soil
compost
Soil
Manures
mineralization
Soils
manure
rice
Manure
soil
incubation
immobilization
biochar
macroaggregate
Global warming
sandy loam
agricultural soil
Immobilization
Biological materials
soil organic matter

Keywords

  • Black carbon
  • Food security
  • Nutrient cycling
  • Soil organic matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Short-term biochar application induced variations in C and N mineralization in a compost-amended tropical soil. / Jien, Shih Hao; Chen, Wen Chi; Ok, Yong Sik; Awad, Yasser Mahmoud; Liao, Chien Sen.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 01.06.2017, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Awad, Yasser Mahmoud

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AB - To mitigate food shortage due to global warming, developing sustainable management practices to stabilize soil organic matter (SOM) and sequester more carbon (C) in the cultivated soils is necessary, particularly in subtropical and tropical areas. A short-term (56 days) incubation experiment was conducted to evaluate the influences of rice husk biochar (RHB) and manure compost (MC) application on C mineralization and nitrogen (N) immobilization in a sandy loam soil. The RHB was separately incorporated into the soil at application rates of 2 and 4% (w/w) either with or without 1% (w/w) compost. Our results displayed that macroaggregates (≥2 mm) were obviously increased by 11% in soil amended with RHB + MC at the end of incubation. In addition, the experimental results presented that the C mineralization of the soil rapidly increased during the first week of incubation. However, the co-application of compost with biochar (RHB + MC) revealed that CO2 emission was significantly decreased by 13–20% compared to the soil with only MC. In addition, the mineralized N in the soil was lower in RHB + MC-amended soil simultaneously than only MC-amended soil, indicating that biochar addition induced N immobilization. The physical protection of compost by its occlusion into aggregates or adsorption on surface of RHB as proved by the micromorphological observation was the main reason for lower C and N mineralization in soil amended with RHB + MC. Overall results revealed that RHB + MC treatment can decrease the decomposition of compost and sequester more C in the tropical agricultural soils.

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