Significance of differential characteristics in infantile Kawasaki disease

Ji Hee Kwak, Jung Hwa Lee, Kee Soo Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Immunological variability in Kawasaki disease (KD) shows age-specific differences; however, specific differences in laboratory values have not been compared between infants and non-infants with KD. We compared age-adjusted Z-values (Z) of white and red blood cells in infants with KD with those in non-infants with KD. Methods: This study retrospectively investigated 192 infants and 667 non-infants recruited between 2003 and 2015 at the Korea University Hospital. Laboratory values for infants with KD and non-infants with KD were analyzed and age-unadjusted raw values (R) and age-adjusted Z for blood cells counts were determined. Results: Z in infants with KD during pre-intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), post-IVIG, and chronic phases showed increased lymphopenia and eosinophilia, low neutrophil:lymphocyte and neutrophil:eosinophil ratios, worse anemia, increased thrombocytosis, and reduced erythrocyte sedimentation rates compared with those in non-infants with KD. The optimal cut-off value for pre-IVIG Z-hemoglobin for prediction of KD in all patients was <−0.01 (area under the curve [AUC], 0.914; sensitivity/specificity, 0.999/0.886; p=0.04). The optimal cutoff value for pre-IVIG C-reactive protein (CRP) for prediction of KD in infants compared to that in febrile control infants was >40 mg/L (AUC, 0.811; sensitivity/specificity, 0.712/0.700; p=0.04). Conclusions: Laboratory characteristics enable differentiation between infants and non-infants with KD and contribute to a better understanding of changes in blood cell counts. Infants with incomplete KD can be more easily differentiated from infants with simple febrile illness using pre-IVIG Z-hemoglobin and pre-IVIG CRP values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-765
Number of pages11
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Differential leukocyte count
  • Hemoglobin
  • Infant
  • Kawasaki disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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