Simulation and experimental analysis on the performance of PEM fuel cell by the wave-like surface design at the cathode channel

Seong Ho Han, Nam Hyeon Choi, Young Don Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell shows different levels of performance depending on the designs of the flow fields. The designs of the flow fields vary the diffusion flux, which is the flow in a channel moving through gas diffusion layers to catalyst layers. Therefore, flow fields that can suppress concentration loss in the area of high-current density have been suggested. The bottom of the cathode channel was fabricated in a wave shape to increase the velocity gradient of the flow from the gas diffusion layers. As a result, concentration loss induced by unstable mass transfer was delayed and the fuel cell's performance was improved by 5.76% in the experiment using a 25 cm2 unit-cell and by approximately 5.17% in the numerical analysis using a 84 cm2 unit-cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2628-2638
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 14

Fingerprint

surface waves
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Flow fields
flow distribution
Cathodes
gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
cathodes
simulation
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
cells
mass transfer
numerical analysis
high current
Numerical analysis
Current density
Mass transfer
electrolytes
current density

Keywords

  • Current density
  • Mass fraction
  • PEM fuel cell
  • Performance
  • Stoichiometry
  • Wave-form

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Simulation and experimental analysis on the performance of PEM fuel cell by the wave-like surface design at the cathode channel. / Han, Seong Ho; Choi, Nam Hyeon; Choi, Young Don.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 39, No. 6, 14.02.2014, p. 2628-2638.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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