Sintering behavior of lead-free (K,Na)NbO3-basedpiezoelectric ceramics

Cheol Woo Ahn, Chee Sung Park, Chang Hak Choi, Sahn Nahm, Myong Jae Yoo, Hyeung Gyu Lee, Shashank Priya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this manuscript, we investigate the sintering behavior of (K,Na)NbO 3 (KNN)-based ceramics covering unmodified KNN, (K,Na,Li)NbO 3 (KNLN), and KNLN-xBaTiO3 (KNLN-BT) systems. Three stages of sintering were identified using detailed temperature and time dependent microscopy. The first stage corresponds to rearrangement of random shape particle to form stack of plate type particles. The second stage is characterized by rapid grain growth promoted by formation of liquid phase. The liquid phase was identified to be Na-deficient composition. In the final stage of sintering, densification slows and microstructural coarsening becomes the dominant process. The fraction control of liquid phase was an important factor to obtain dense and uniform microstructure by completely filling the voids between the plate-shaped particle stacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2033-2038
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume92
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

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ceramics
Sintering
Lead
liquid
Liquids
Coarsening
Grain growth
Densification
void
microscopy
microstructure
Microscopic examination
Microstructure
Chemical analysis
particle
sintering
temperature
Temperature
stack

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Sintering behavior of lead-free (K,Na)NbO3-basedpiezoelectric ceramics. / Ahn, Cheol Woo; Park, Chee Sung; Choi, Chang Hak; Nahm, Sahn; Yoo, Myong Jae; Lee, Hyeung Gyu; Priya, Shashank.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 92, No. 9, 01.09.2009, p. 2033-2038.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahn, Cheol Woo ; Park, Chee Sung ; Choi, Chang Hak ; Nahm, Sahn ; Yoo, Myong Jae ; Lee, Hyeung Gyu ; Priya, Shashank. / Sintering behavior of lead-free (K,Na)NbO3-basedpiezoelectric ceramics. In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 2009 ; Vol. 92, No. 9. pp. 2033-2038.
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