Skeletal muscle atrophy is induced by Fbxw7β via atrogene upregulation

Kyungshin Shin, Young-Gyu Ko, Jaemin Jeong, Heechung Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Muscle atrophy decreases skeletal muscle mass and is induced by inherited cachectic symptoms, genetic disorders, and sarcopenia. However, the molecular pathways associated with the onset of muscle atrophy are still unclear. In this study, we evaluated Fbxw7β, a gene associated with the development of muscle atrophy in vitro and in vivo. Among the three Fbxw7 isoforms, ectopically overexpressed Fbxw7β induced the expression of myogenin and major atrogene markers (atrogin-1 and MuRF-1) and reduced myoblast differentiation. In addition, endogenous expression of Fbxw7β was also upregulated by dexamethasone, which mimics muscle atrophy in vitro, accompanied by induction of myogenin and atrogene expression in primary myoblasts. Functional analysis of Fbxw7β using short hairpin RNA (shRNA) and a dominant-negative mutant (ΔFbox) suggested that Fbxw7β regulated muscle atrophy in vitro and in vivo. In particular, ΔFbox did not reduce the sizes of muscle fibers and did not induce myogenin and atrogene expression in vivo. Therefore, our findings demonstrated, for the first time, that Fbxw7β induced muscle atrophic phenotypes via atrogenes in adult muscle precursor cells and myofibers; this mechanism could be a potential therapeutic target for skeletal muscle atrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-220
Number of pages8
JournalCell Biology International
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Keywords

  • atrogenes
  • dexamethasone
  • Fbxw7β
  • myogenin
  • skeletal muscle atrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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