Small strain stiffness of salt-cemented granular media under low confinement

Q. H. Truong, C. Lee, Y. U. Kim, Jong-Sub Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanical behaviour of granular soils is affected by particle bonding including natural cementation. This study addresses a simple model of small strain stiffness and salt concentration based on the wave measurements of salt-cemented particulate media. Glass beads with a median diameter of D50 0.5 mm are prepared in rectangular cells using the water-pluviated method in salt water with different concentrations. Piezo disc elements and bender elements embedded in the cell are used for the measurements of the compressional and shear waves. The relationships between the elastic wave velocities and salt concentration show an exponential function. The measured small strain stiffness matches well the predicted small strain stiffness based on the micromechanics of simple cubic monosized spherical particles. This study demonstrates that the salt concentration in a saltcemented specimen can be evaluated by using elastic wave velocities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-953
Number of pages5
JournalGeotechnique
Volume62
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 1

Fingerprint

granular medium
stiffness
Stiffness
Salts
salt
Elastic waves
elastic wave
wave velocity
micromechanics
Micromechanics
Saline water
Shear waves
Exponential functions
salt water
cementation
S-wave
glass
Soils
Glass
Water

Keywords

  • Fabric/structure of soils
  • Laboratory tests
  • Stiffness
  • Waves and wave loading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Small strain stiffness of salt-cemented granular media under low confinement. / Truong, Q. H.; Lee, C.; Kim, Y. U.; Lee, Jong-Sub.

In: Geotechnique, Vol. 62, No. 10, 01.10.2012, p. 949-953.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Truong, Q. H. ; Lee, C. ; Kim, Y. U. ; Lee, Jong-Sub. / Small strain stiffness of salt-cemented granular media under low confinement. In: Geotechnique. 2012 ; Vol. 62, No. 10. pp. 949-953.
@article{87cd8581c9b74ba0a55b5247092db734,
title = "Small strain stiffness of salt-cemented granular media under low confinement",
abstract = "The mechanical behaviour of granular soils is affected by particle bonding including natural cementation. This study addresses a simple model of small strain stiffness and salt concentration based on the wave measurements of salt-cemented particulate media. Glass beads with a median diameter of D50 0.5 mm are prepared in rectangular cells using the water-pluviated method in salt water with different concentrations. Piezo disc elements and bender elements embedded in the cell are used for the measurements of the compressional and shear waves. The relationships between the elastic wave velocities and salt concentration show an exponential function. The measured small strain stiffness matches well the predicted small strain stiffness based on the micromechanics of simple cubic monosized spherical particles. This study demonstrates that the salt concentration in a saltcemented specimen can be evaluated by using elastic wave velocities.",
keywords = "Fabric/structure of soils, Laboratory tests, Stiffness, Waves and wave loading",
author = "Truong, {Q. H.} and C. Lee and Kim, {Y. U.} and Jong-Sub Lee",
year = "2012",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1680/geot.10.T.004",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "949--953",
journal = "Geotechnique",
issn = "0016-8505",
publisher = "ICE Publishing Ltd.",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Small strain stiffness of salt-cemented granular media under low confinement

AU - Truong, Q. H.

AU - Lee, C.

AU - Kim, Y. U.

AU - Lee, Jong-Sub

PY - 2012/10/1

Y1 - 2012/10/1

N2 - The mechanical behaviour of granular soils is affected by particle bonding including natural cementation. This study addresses a simple model of small strain stiffness and salt concentration based on the wave measurements of salt-cemented particulate media. Glass beads with a median diameter of D50 0.5 mm are prepared in rectangular cells using the water-pluviated method in salt water with different concentrations. Piezo disc elements and bender elements embedded in the cell are used for the measurements of the compressional and shear waves. The relationships between the elastic wave velocities and salt concentration show an exponential function. The measured small strain stiffness matches well the predicted small strain stiffness based on the micromechanics of simple cubic monosized spherical particles. This study demonstrates that the salt concentration in a saltcemented specimen can be evaluated by using elastic wave velocities.

AB - The mechanical behaviour of granular soils is affected by particle bonding including natural cementation. This study addresses a simple model of small strain stiffness and salt concentration based on the wave measurements of salt-cemented particulate media. Glass beads with a median diameter of D50 0.5 mm are prepared in rectangular cells using the water-pluviated method in salt water with different concentrations. Piezo disc elements and bender elements embedded in the cell are used for the measurements of the compressional and shear waves. The relationships between the elastic wave velocities and salt concentration show an exponential function. The measured small strain stiffness matches well the predicted small strain stiffness based on the micromechanics of simple cubic monosized spherical particles. This study demonstrates that the salt concentration in a saltcemented specimen can be evaluated by using elastic wave velocities.

KW - Fabric/structure of soils

KW - Laboratory tests

KW - Stiffness

KW - Waves and wave loading

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84871007770&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84871007770&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1680/geot.10.T.004

DO - 10.1680/geot.10.T.004

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84871007770

VL - 62

SP - 949

EP - 953

JO - Geotechnique

JF - Geotechnique

SN - 0016-8505

IS - 10

ER -