Smaller body size, early postnatal lethality, and cortical extracellular matrix-related gene expression changes of Cyfip2-null embryonic mice

Yinhua Zhang, Hyojin Kang, Yeunkum Lee, Yoonhee Kim, Bokyoung Lee, Jin Yong Kim, Chunmei Jin, Shinhyun Kim, Hyun Kim, Kihoon Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytoplasmic FMR1-interacting protein 2 (CYFIP2) is a key component of the WAVE regulatory complex (WRC) which regulates actin polymerization and branching in diverse cellular compartments. Recent whole exome sequencing studies identified de novo hotspot variants in CYFIP2 from patients with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy and microcephaly, suggesting that CYFIP2 may have some functions in embryonic brain development. Although perinatal lethality of Cyfip2-null (Cyfip2 −/− ) mice was reported, the exact developmental time point and cause of lethality, and whether Cyfip2 −/− embryonic mice have brain abnormalities remain unknown. We found that endogenous Cyfip2 is mainly expressed in the brain, spinal cord, and thymus of mice at late embryonic stages. Cyfip2 −/− embryos did not show lethality at embryonic day 18.5 (E18.5), but their body size was smaller than that of wild-type (WT) or Cyfip2 +/− littermates. Meanwhile, at postnatal day 0, all identified Cyfip2 −/− mice were found dead, suggesting early postnatal lethality of the mice. Nevertheless, the brain size and cortical cytoarchitecture were comparable among WT, Cyfip2 +/− , and Cyfip2 −/− mice at E18.5. Using RNA-sequencing analyses, we identified 98 and 72 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from the E18.5 cortex of Cyfip2 +/− and Cyfip2 −/− mice, respectively. Further bioinformatic analyses suggested that extracellular matrix (ECM)-related gene expression changes in Cyfip2 −/− embryonic cortex. Together, our results suggest that CYFIP2 is critical for embryonic body growth and for early postnatal survival, and that loss of its expression leads to ECM-related gene expression changes in the embryonic cortex without severe gross morphological defects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number482
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 7

Fingerprint

Body Size
Extracellular Matrix
Gene Expression
Brain
Proteins
Exome
RNA Sequence Analysis
Microcephaly
Brain Diseases
Computational Biology
Polymerization
Thymus Gland
Embryonic Development
Actins
Spinal Cord
Embryonic Structures
Survival
Growth
Genes

Keywords

  • Body size
  • Cyfip2-null mice
  • Embryo
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Postnatal lethality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Smaller body size, early postnatal lethality, and cortical extracellular matrix-related gene expression changes of Cyfip2-null embryonic mice. / Zhang, Yinhua; Kang, Hyojin; Lee, Yeunkum; Kim, Yoonhee; Lee, Bokyoung; Kim, Jin Yong; Jin, Chunmei; Kim, Shinhyun; Kim, Hyun; Han, Kihoon.

In: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, Vol. 11, 482, 07.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Yinhua ; Kang, Hyojin ; Lee, Yeunkum ; Kim, Yoonhee ; Lee, Bokyoung ; Kim, Jin Yong ; Jin, Chunmei ; Kim, Shinhyun ; Kim, Hyun ; Han, Kihoon. / Smaller body size, early postnatal lethality, and cortical extracellular matrix-related gene expression changes of Cyfip2-null embryonic mice. In: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience. 2019 ; Vol. 11.
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AB - Cytoplasmic FMR1-interacting protein 2 (CYFIP2) is a key component of the WAVE regulatory complex (WRC) which regulates actin polymerization and branching in diverse cellular compartments. Recent whole exome sequencing studies identified de novo hotspot variants in CYFIP2 from patients with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy and microcephaly, suggesting that CYFIP2 may have some functions in embryonic brain development. Although perinatal lethality of Cyfip2-null (Cyfip2 −/− ) mice was reported, the exact developmental time point and cause of lethality, and whether Cyfip2 −/− embryonic mice have brain abnormalities remain unknown. We found that endogenous Cyfip2 is mainly expressed in the brain, spinal cord, and thymus of mice at late embryonic stages. Cyfip2 −/− embryos did not show lethality at embryonic day 18.5 (E18.5), but their body size was smaller than that of wild-type (WT) or Cyfip2 +/− littermates. Meanwhile, at postnatal day 0, all identified Cyfip2 −/− mice were found dead, suggesting early postnatal lethality of the mice. Nevertheless, the brain size and cortical cytoarchitecture were comparable among WT, Cyfip2 +/− , and Cyfip2 −/− mice at E18.5. Using RNA-sequencing analyses, we identified 98 and 72 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from the E18.5 cortex of Cyfip2 +/− and Cyfip2 −/− mice, respectively. Further bioinformatic analyses suggested that extracellular matrix (ECM)-related gene expression changes in Cyfip2 −/− embryonic cortex. Together, our results suggest that CYFIP2 is critical for embryonic body growth and for early postnatal survival, and that loss of its expression leads to ECM-related gene expression changes in the embryonic cortex without severe gross morphological defects.

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