Social and clinical characteristics of immigrants with tuberculosis in South Korea

Gee Ho Min, Young Kim, Jong Seok Lee, Jee Youn Oh, Gyu Young Hur, Young Seok Lee, Kyung Hoon Min, Sung Yong Lee, Je Hyeong Kim, Chol Shin, Seung Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the social and clinical characteristics of immigrants with tuberculosis (TB) in South Korea. Materials and Methods: The registered adult TB patients who were diagnosed and treated in Korea Medical Centers from January 2013 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 105 immigrants with TB were compared to 932 native Korean TB patients. Results: Among these 105 immigrants with TB, 86 (82%) were Korean-Chinese. The rate of drug-susceptible TB were lower in the immigrants group than in the native Korean group [odds ratio (OR): 0.46; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.22–0.96, p=0.035]. Cure rate was higher in the immigrant group than in the native Korean group (OR: 2.03; 95% CI: 1.26–3.28, p=0.003). Treatment completion rate was lower in the immigrant group than in the native Korean group (OR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.33–0.74, p=0.001). However, treatment success rate showed no significant difference between two groups (p=0.141). Lost to follow up (default) rate was higher in the immigrant group than in the native Korean group after adjusting for age and drug resistance (OR: 3.61; 95% CI: 1.36–9.61, p=0.010). There was no difference between defaulter and non-defaulter in clinical characteristics or types of visa among these immigrants (null p value). However, 43 TB patients with recent immigration were diagnosed as TB even though they had been screened as normal at the time of immigration. Conclusion: Endeavor to reduce the default rate of immigrants with TB and reinforce TB screening during the immigration process must be performed for TB infection control in South Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)592-597
Number of pages6
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May

Keywords

  • Immigrants
  • Mass screening
  • Medication adherence
  • Microbial sensitivity tests
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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