Social capital, socioeconomic status, and depression in community-living elderly

Kyu Man Han, Changsu Han, Cheolmin Shin, Hee Jung Jee, Hyonggin An, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Young-Hoon Ko, Seung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A growing body of evidence has suggested that social capital is an upstream social determinant of mental health. We investigated the association of cognitive social capital, including interpersonal trust and reciprocity, with depressive symptoms in the elderly. We also explored the mediating role of cognitive social capital in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms and the moderating effect of SES on the relationship between social capital and depressive symptoms. Data from the 2012 Korea Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) was analyzed for 5969 participants aged 60 years or older. Cognitive components of social capital, including interpersonal trust and reciprocity, were evaluated using single-item questionnaires. Socioeconomic and health-related characteristics were investigated and depressive symptoms were evaluated by an 11-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Low interpersonal trust and reciprocity levels were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in the elderly. Reciprocity level mediated the association between household income level and depressive symptoms. We did not observe any significant moderating effect of SES on the association between cognitive social capital and depressive symptoms. A significant association between cognitive social capital and depressive symptoms in Korean elderly was found. We elucidated how SES interacted with depressive symptoms through the mediation pathway of cognitive social capital using a representative sample of the Korean elderly population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-140
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Elderly
  • Interpersonal trust
  • Reciprocity
  • Social capital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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