Socioecological Factors Associated With Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Among Workers: Using the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model

Hye Jin Kim, Jina Choo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Physical inactivity is a major global health problem. Industrial automation has led to an increased number of workers who are sedentary at work. We examined whether three socioecological factors (i.e., predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors) derived from the PRECEDE-PROCEED model would be significantly associated with the physical activity and sedentary behavior among workers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 539 employees at an electronic manufacturing plant in Gumi, South Korea. Physical activity variables of energy expenditure (MET-min/week) and sitting time at work (minutes/day) were measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Workforce Sitting Questionnaire, respectively. Of the socioecological factors, a predisposing factor defined as self-determined motivation was measured by the Exercise Self-Regulation Questionnaire; a reinforcing factor defined as autonomy support was measured by the Work Climate Questionnaire; and an enabling factor defined as supportive workplace environment was measured by the Perceived Workplace Environment Scale. Findings: Self-determined motivation (i.e., autonomous and controlled forms of motivation), autonomy support, and a supportive workplace environment were all significantly associated with increased physical activity energy expenditure during leisure-time. However, they were not significantly associated with sitting time on working and non-working days. Conclusion/Applications to Practice: Three socioecological factors of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model were significantly associated with leisure-time physical activity among workers. Our findings may help occupational health nurses use a socioecological approach for designing effective workplace strategies to increase leisure-time physical activity among workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-33
Number of pages12
JournalWorkplace Health and Safety
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • health behavior
  • leisure activities
  • occupational health
  • physical inactivity
  • self-determination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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