Solid biofuel production from spent coffee ground wastes: Process optimisation, characterisation and kinetic studies

Xin Jiat Lee, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Wei Gao, Yong Sik Ok, Wei Hsin Chen, Brandon Han Hoe Goh, Cheng Tung Chong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The massive generation of spent coffee ground wastes has become an environmental concern around the world. Thus, in this research work, spent coffee grounds of Coffea arabica species were evaluated as potential feedstock for solid biofuel production to reduce solid waste and to generate value products. Pyrolysis temperature, pyrolysis time and heating rate were the dominating factors affecting the biochar and energy yields from the response surface methodology analysis. The spent coffee ground biochar (SCG-biochar) was then optimised of its pyrolysis parameters, with promising biochar yield (29.94%) and high energy yield (41.60%). The optimised SCG-biochar was characterised and found to possess favourable fuel characteristics such as high carbon percentage (80.35%), low oxygen percentage (12.43%), low H/C ratio (0.44), low O/C (0.12) and high fuel ratio (6.75), which will contribute to higher energy generation and lesser emission of greenhouse gases. The optimised SCG-biochar possessed high thermal efficiencies with low activation energies (63.24 kJ mol−1 –122.93 kJ mol−1) with attractive unit cost of $ 7.22 per kg which can be used in combustion process effectively. Therefore, the fuel and combustion characteristics of SCG-biochar signifies a promising development of feasible biofuels for energy generation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120309
JournalFuel
Volume292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 15

Keywords

  • Alternative fuel
  • Biochar
  • Biofuel and bioenergy
  • Clean energy
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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