Solid-state polymerization and characterization of a copolyamide based on adipic acid, 1,4-butanediamine, and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid

Yohana Kurnia Endah, Sang Hoon Han, Jae Hoon Kim, Nak Kyoon Kim, Woo Nyon Kim, Hong Shik Lee, Hyunjoo Lee

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8 Citations (Scopus)


2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) is a promising biobased alternative material to terephthalic acid. In this study, three types of poly(butylene adipamide) (PA-4,6) containing 10, 20, and 30 mol % of poly(butylene-2,5-furandicarboxylamide) (PA-4,F) were synthesized through consecutive prepolymerization and solid-state polymerization (SSP). The incorporation of a 10 mol % PA-4,F component into PA-4,6 resulted in slight increases in the intrinsic viscosity (IV) and glass-transition temperature (Tg) after 12 h of SSP at 220°C. When the SSP temperature and reaction time increased, IV increased proportionally. The highest IV value of 0.75 was obtained by 48 h of SSP at 240°C, whereas increases in the PA-4,F content to 20 and 30 mol % gave rise to decreases in IV, Tg, and melting temperature; this interrupted the increase in SSP temperature. The thermal decomposition temperature of the PA-4,F-incorporated polyamide was lower than that with PA-4,6 because of the lower thermal stability of the FDCA component.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43391
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 10



  • biopolymers and renewable polymers
  • synthesis and processing
  • thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Chemistry(all)

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