Solvation structure of phosphonium ionic liquid/CH3SCN mixture as electrolytes for Li-ion batteries: Infrared pump-probe spectroscopic studies

Prabhat Kumar Sahu, Jungyu Kim, Kwanghee Park, Eunchan Kim, Saptarsi Mondal, Kyungwon Kwak, Minhaeng Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lithium-ion battery (LIB) electrolytes based on room-temperature ionic liquids (RTIL) are promising as safe and sustainable LIB electrolytes. However, there are no reports on the solvation structure and dynamics of RTIL due to the existence of various solvation species in RTIL. Here, we investigated the solvation structure and dynamics of binary mixtures of the phosphonium ionic liquid, tributyl(2-methoxyethyl)phosphonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (P444102TFSI), and methylthiocyanate (CH3SCN), with ultrafast mid-IR Spectroscopy. The changes of vibrational and rotational dynamics of CH3SCN∙∙∙Li+ complex and free CH3SCN with an increase in CH3SCN concentration suggest the presence of at least four solvation species, providing superior resolving power for various solvation species existing in complex LIB electrolytes. Our experimental results show that the environment of free CH3SCN and CH3SCN∙∙∙Li+ complex changes drastically with change in CH3SCN mole fraction and Li salt concentration in the mixture. We expect that this can affect the Li-ion transport mechanism in the IL-based electrolytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb

Keywords

  • contact ion pair
  • electrolytes
  • ionic liquid
  • pump-probe experiments
  • solvation species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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