Solving two environmental issues simultaneously: Waste polyethylene terephthalate plastic bottle-derived microporous carbons for capturing CO2

Xiangzhou Yuan, Jong Gyu Lee, Heesun Yun, Shuai Deng, Yu Jin Kim, Ji Eun Lee, Sang Kyu Kwak, Ki Bong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The treatment of plastic waste is a global issue, and the demand for technologies to reuse or upgrade plastic waste is increasing. In this study, waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles were used to prepare cost-effective porous carbons, and the prepared carbon materials were tested for capturing CO2. PET plastic bottles were carbonized and activated using KOH or NaOH to develop porous carbons, and their CO2 adsorption behaviors were investigated from both equilibrium and kinetic perspectives. Varying the activation temperature had a significant effect on the textural properties of the prepared carbons. PET-KOH-973, which was prepared by activation with KOH at 973 K, exhibited the highest CO2 uptake of 4.42 mol kg−1 at 298 K and 101.3 kPa among the tested samples. The experimental adsorption data were well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo second-order kinetic models, and the CO2 adsorption on the PET-derived porous carbons was mainly related to the pore volumes of the narrow pores under 0.8 nm in diameter. Grand canonical Monte Carlo simulation and density functional theory calculation were also performed to understand adsorption mechanism and selectivity, and the theoretical calculation agreed well with experimental data. The PET-derived porous carbons exhibited not only high CO2 uptake, but also good selectivity of CO2 over N2 and CO, simple regeneration, excellent cyclic stability, and fast CO2 adsorption and desorption kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125350
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume397
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1

Keywords

  • CO adsorption
  • Chemical activation
  • Microporous carbon
  • Theoretical calculation
  • Waste PET plastic bottle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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