Sorption of ionic and nonionic organic solutes onto giant Miscanthus-derived biochar from methanol-water mixtures

Juhee Kim, Seunghun Hyun

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sorption of naphthalene (NAP) and 1-naphthoic acid (1-NAPA) onto giant Miscanthus–derived biochar was investigated in methanol volume fractions (fc) of 0–0.6 as a function of ionic composition (5 mM CaCl2 and 10 mM KCl) and liquid pH (2 and 7). The sorption onto biochar was nonlinear with 0.42 ≤ N ≤ 0.95; thus, a concentration-specific sorption constant (Km) was compared. The Km log linearly decreased with increasing fc, except for 1-NAPA from a CaCl2 mixture at pH 7. Isotherm data was fitted with a cosolvency sorption model through which the slope (ασ) of the inverse log linear Km-fc plot and empirical constant (α) were obtained. NAP sorption was well described by the cosolvency model with the α value being 0.41–0.53, indicating a methanol–biochar interaction favoring more sorption than the cosolvency based prediction. In particular, the slope (ασ) of 1-NAPA was lower than that of NAP, indicating less reduction of 1-NAPA sorption (i.e., lower α value) by methanol. In comparison with other sorbents, the α value was approximately intermediate between a humic substance and kaolinite clay. An analysis of FT-IR spectra suggested the transformation of O-containing functional groups by methanol, which will subsequently boost the π–π interaction between an organic solute and biochar. Moreover, Ca2 +-induced sorption between anionic 1-NAPA and a negatively charged biochar surface was also fortified in the methanol mixture. The results revealed unexplored cosolvent effects on organic solute sorption onto biochar and identified the hydrophobic and hydrophilic sorption moieties of biochar as affected by the cosolvent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)805-813
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume615
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 15

Fingerprint

Methanol
methanol
Sorption
solute
sorption
Water
Naphthalene
water
naphthalene
Acids
acid
biochar
Kaolin
Humic Substances
ionic composition
Kaolinite
Sorbents
humic substance
Functional groups
functional group

Keywords

  • Biochar
  • Cosolvency
  • Organic solutes
  • Sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

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title = "Sorption of ionic and nonionic organic solutes onto giant Miscanthus-derived biochar from methanol-water mixtures",
abstract = "The sorption of naphthalene (NAP) and 1-naphthoic acid (1-NAPA) onto giant Miscanthus–derived biochar was investigated in methanol volume fractions (fc) of 0–0.6 as a function of ionic composition (5 mM CaCl2 and 10 mM KCl) and liquid pH (2 and 7). The sorption onto biochar was nonlinear with 0.42 ≤ N ≤ 0.95; thus, a concentration-specific sorption constant (Km) was compared. The Km log linearly decreased with increasing fc, except for 1-NAPA from a CaCl2 mixture at pH 7. Isotherm data was fitted with a cosolvency sorption model through which the slope (ασ) of the inverse log linear Km-fc plot and empirical constant (α) were obtained. NAP sorption was well described by the cosolvency model with the α value being 0.41–0.53, indicating a methanol–biochar interaction favoring more sorption than the cosolvency based prediction. In particular, the slope (ασ) of 1-NAPA was lower than that of NAP, indicating less reduction of 1-NAPA sorption (i.e., lower α value) by methanol. In comparison with other sorbents, the α value was approximately intermediate between a humic substance and kaolinite clay. An analysis of FT-IR spectra suggested the transformation of O-containing functional groups by methanol, which will subsequently boost the π–π interaction between an organic solute and biochar. Moreover, Ca2 +-induced sorption between anionic 1-NAPA and a negatively charged biochar surface was also fortified in the methanol mixture. The results revealed unexplored cosolvent effects on organic solute sorption onto biochar and identified the hydrophobic and hydrophilic sorption moieties of biochar as affected by the cosolvent.",
keywords = "Biochar, Cosolvency, Organic solutes, Sorption",
author = "Juhee Kim and Seunghun Hyun",
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T1 - Sorption of ionic and nonionic organic solutes onto giant Miscanthus-derived biochar from methanol-water mixtures

AU - Kim, Juhee

AU - Hyun, Seunghun

PY - 2018/2/15

Y1 - 2018/2/15

N2 - The sorption of naphthalene (NAP) and 1-naphthoic acid (1-NAPA) onto giant Miscanthus–derived biochar was investigated in methanol volume fractions (fc) of 0–0.6 as a function of ionic composition (5 mM CaCl2 and 10 mM KCl) and liquid pH (2 and 7). The sorption onto biochar was nonlinear with 0.42 ≤ N ≤ 0.95; thus, a concentration-specific sorption constant (Km) was compared. The Km log linearly decreased with increasing fc, except for 1-NAPA from a CaCl2 mixture at pH 7. Isotherm data was fitted with a cosolvency sorption model through which the slope (ασ) of the inverse log linear Km-fc plot and empirical constant (α) were obtained. NAP sorption was well described by the cosolvency model with the α value being 0.41–0.53, indicating a methanol–biochar interaction favoring more sorption than the cosolvency based prediction. In particular, the slope (ασ) of 1-NAPA was lower than that of NAP, indicating less reduction of 1-NAPA sorption (i.e., lower α value) by methanol. In comparison with other sorbents, the α value was approximately intermediate between a humic substance and kaolinite clay. An analysis of FT-IR spectra suggested the transformation of O-containing functional groups by methanol, which will subsequently boost the π–π interaction between an organic solute and biochar. Moreover, Ca2 +-induced sorption between anionic 1-NAPA and a negatively charged biochar surface was also fortified in the methanol mixture. The results revealed unexplored cosolvent effects on organic solute sorption onto biochar and identified the hydrophobic and hydrophilic sorption moieties of biochar as affected by the cosolvent.

AB - The sorption of naphthalene (NAP) and 1-naphthoic acid (1-NAPA) onto giant Miscanthus–derived biochar was investigated in methanol volume fractions (fc) of 0–0.6 as a function of ionic composition (5 mM CaCl2 and 10 mM KCl) and liquid pH (2 and 7). The sorption onto biochar was nonlinear with 0.42 ≤ N ≤ 0.95; thus, a concentration-specific sorption constant (Km) was compared. The Km log linearly decreased with increasing fc, except for 1-NAPA from a CaCl2 mixture at pH 7. Isotherm data was fitted with a cosolvency sorption model through which the slope (ασ) of the inverse log linear Km-fc plot and empirical constant (α) were obtained. NAP sorption was well described by the cosolvency model with the α value being 0.41–0.53, indicating a methanol–biochar interaction favoring more sorption than the cosolvency based prediction. In particular, the slope (ασ) of 1-NAPA was lower than that of NAP, indicating less reduction of 1-NAPA sorption (i.e., lower α value) by methanol. In comparison with other sorbents, the α value was approximately intermediate between a humic substance and kaolinite clay. An analysis of FT-IR spectra suggested the transformation of O-containing functional groups by methanol, which will subsequently boost the π–π interaction between an organic solute and biochar. Moreover, Ca2 +-induced sorption between anionic 1-NAPA and a negatively charged biochar surface was also fortified in the methanol mixture. The results revealed unexplored cosolvent effects on organic solute sorption onto biochar and identified the hydrophobic and hydrophilic sorption moieties of biochar as affected by the cosolvent.

KW - Biochar

KW - Cosolvency

KW - Organic solutes

KW - Sorption

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U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.296

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.296

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VL - 615

SP - 805

EP - 813

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

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