Southeastern Yellow Sea as a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide

Yujeong Choi, Dongseon Kim, Sosul Cho, Tae Wook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The seawater fugacity of carbon dioxide (CO2; fCO2SW) was investigated over four seasons in the southeastern Yellow Sea (YS). The seasonal variation in sea surface temperature (SST)-normalized fCO2SW in the study area was largely explained by sea surface concentrations of dissolved inorganic carbon modulated by the water column stability in association with biological carbon fixation and remineralization. Overall, our study area acted as a sink for atmospheric CO2, absorbing a regional average of ~2.8 mmol C m−2 day−1. This result contrasts sharply with the large CO2 effluxes reported in other parts of the YS, implying considerable spatiotemporal variations in fCO2SW in this region. Since the YS is significantly influenced by human activity, our data will serve as a baseline to record the human impact on ocean carbon cycles in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110550
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec


  • Air-sea CO flux
  • Carbon cycle
  • East Asian marginal sea
  • Korean coastal water
  • Yellow Sea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution


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